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The development of tiny, low-cost, low-power and multifunctional sensor nodes equipped with sensing, data processing, and communicating components, have been made possible by the recent advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) assume a collection of such tiny sensing devices connected wirelessly and(More)
For a meaningful processing of the information sensed by a wireless sensor network (WSN), the clocks of the individual nodes need to be matched through some well-defined procedures. Extending the idea of having silent nodes in a WSN overhear the two-way timing message communication between two active (master and slave) nodes, this paper derives the(More)
This letter proposes a new method to estimate the number of competing stations in IEEE 802.11 networks. Due to the nonlinear/non-Gaussian nature of measurement model, a nonlinear filtering algorithm, called the Gaussian mixture sigma point particle filter (GMSPPF), is proposed herein to estimate the number of competing stations. Since GMSPPF represents a(More)
Assuming that the network delays are normally distributed and the network nodes are subject to clock phase offset errors, the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) and the Kalman filter (KF) have been recently proposed with the goal of maximizing the clock synchronization accuracy in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, because the network delays may(More)
Recommended by Yuh-Shyan Chen This paper proposes a novel vertical handoff algorithm between WLAN and CDMA networks to enable the integration of these networks. The proposed vertical handoff algorithm assumes a handoff decision process (handoff triggering and network selection). The handoff trigger is decided based on the received signal strength (RSS). To(More)
The integration of WLANs and CDMA networks has recently evolved into hot issue. We propose a vertical handoff algorithm between WLAN and CDMA network. In this algorithm, a vertical handoff is classified into handoff decision making and MIP (mobile IP) registration process. Then, a handoff initiation is decided by the received signal strength (RSS). To(More)
To cope with the Gaussian or non-Gaussian nature of the random network delays, a novel method, referred to as the Gaussian mixture Kalman particle filter (GMKPF), is proposed herein to estimate the clock offset in wireless sensor networks. GMKPF represents a better and more flexible alternative to the symmetric Gaussian maximum likelihood (SGML), and(More)
The paper discusses an adaptive multiuser receiver for CDMA systems in which the scaled unscented filter (SUF) and the square root unscented filter (SURF) are used for joint estimation and tracking of the code delays and multipath coefficients of the received CDMA signals. The proposed channel estimators are more near-far resistant than the conventional(More)
The maximum likelihood estimators (MLEs) for the clock phase offset assuming a two-way message exchange mechanism between the nodes of a wireless sensor network were recently derived assuming Gaussian and exponential network delays. However, the MLE performs poorly in the presence of non-Gaussian or nonexponential network delay distributions. Currently,(More)