Learn More
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions as a fuel sensor in the cell and is activated when cellular energy is depleted. Here we report that alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA), a cofactor of mitochondrial enzymes, decreases hypothalamic AMPK activity and causes profound weight loss in rodents by reducing food intake and enhancing energy expenditure.(More)
We attempted to improve the precision of the estimation of insulin sensitivity (S1) from the minimal model technique by modifying insulin dynamics during a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT). Tolbutamide and somatostatin (SRIF) were used to change the insulin dynamics without directly affecting insulin sensitivity. Injection of(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin is an important adipocytokine that improves insulin action and reduces atherosclerotic processes. The plasma adiponectin level is paradoxically reduced in obese individuals, but the underlying mechanism is unknown. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that mitochondrial function is linked to adiponectin synthesis in(More)
The calmodulin antagonist N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7) stimulates glucose transport in skeletal muscle, apparently by raising cytosolic Ca2+ (P. Palade. J. Biol. Chem. 262: 6142-6148, 1987; J.H. Youn, E.A. Gulve, and J.O. Holloszy. Am. J. Physiol. 260 (Cell Physiol. 29): C555-C561, 1991). This study was performed to describe the(More)
Extracellular K(+) concentration ([K(+)]) is closely regulated by the concerted regulatory responses of kidney and muscle. In this study, we aimed to define the responses activated when dietary K(+) was moderately reduced from a control diet (1.0% K(+)) to a 0.33% K(+) diet for 15 days. Although body weight and baseline plasma [K(+)] (4.0 mM) were not(More)
Previous rodent studies showed that when injected into the brain, free fatty acids (FFAs) reduced food intake in an oleate-specific manner. The present study was performed to test whether food intake is regulated by circulating FFAs in an oleate-specific manner. Male Wistar rats received an intravenous infusion of olive, safflower, or coconut oil (100mg/h),(More)
Maintaining extracellular fluid (ECF) K(+) concentration ([K(+)]) within a narrow range is accomplished by the concerted responses of the kidney, which matches K(+) excretion to K(+) intake, and skeletal muscle, the main intracellular fluid (ICF) store of K(+), which can rapidly buffer ECF [K(+)]. In both systems, homologous P-type ATPase isoforms are key(More)
Voluntary wheel running induces an increase in the concentration of the regulatable glucose transporter (GLUT4) in rat plantaris muscle but not in soleus muscle (K. J. Rodnick, J. O. Holloszy, C. E. Mondon, and D. E. James. Diabetes 39: 1425-1429, 1990). Wheel running also causes hypertrophy of the soleus in rats. This study was undertaken to ascertain(More)
In this study we investigated the possibility that an increase in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration that is too low to cause muscle contraction can induce an increase in glucose transport activity in skeletal muscle. The compound N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide (W-7), which induces Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), caused a(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipid accumulation in vascular endothelial cells may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in obese subjects. We showed previously that alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and reduces lipid accumulation in skeletal muscle of obese rats. Here, we investigated whether ALA improves endothelial(More)