Jang-Hoon Choi

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Since the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 ((H1N1)pdm09) virus spread all over the world, the (H1N1)pdm09 virus has been circulating with seasonal influenza viruses. We developed rapid and sensitive one-step multiplex real-time RT-PCR assays (rRT-PCR) for simultaneous detection of influenza viruses currently circulating in humans, and the avian A/H5 virus.(More)
Amantadine resistance among influenza A viruses was investigated in South Korea in 2005–2010. Of 308 influenza A viruses examined, 229 had the S31N substitution in the M2 protein. The frequency of amantadine resistance was 30 %, 100 %, and 76 % in influenza A/H1N1, pandemic A/H1N1 2009(A/H1N1pdm), and A/H3N2 subtypes, respectively. The amantadine-resistant(More)
This study aimed to characterize the replication and pathogenic properties of a Korean pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza virus isolate in ferrets and mice. Ferrets infected with A/Korea/01/2009 (H1N1) virus showed mild clinical signs. The virus replicated well in lungs and slightly in brains with no replication in any other organs. Severe bronchopneumonia and(More)
To identify oseltamivir resistance, we analyzed neuraminidase H275Y mutations in samples from 10 patients infected with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in South Korea who had influenza that was refractory to antiviral treatment with this drug. A neuraminidase I117M mutation that might influence oseltamivir susceptibility was detected in sequential specimens from(More)
BACKGROUND Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a parvovirus that has been recently detected in patients with respiratory illness. OBJECTIVES We developed a sensitive, specific, and quantitative real-time PCR assay based on the TaqMan method for HBoV detection and quantification in respiratory specimens. STUDY DESIGN Three individual real-time PCR assays were(More)
Transmission of influenza (H5N1) virus from birds to humans is a serious public health threat. In South Korea, serologic investigation among 2,512 poultry workers exposed during December 2003-March 2004 to poultry with confirmed or suspected influenza (H5N1) virus infection found antibodies in 9. Frequency of bird-to-human transmission was low.
During the influenza pandemic of 2009-2010, rapid influenza diagnostic tests (RIDTs) were used to detect influenza viral infections because they are quick and simple to use. However, retrospective studies showed that RIDTs performed poorly when used to diagnose pandemic viral infections. Determining how amino acid sequence changes in pandemic or epidemic(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of chemokine genes and chemokine-receptor genes in HIV-infected patients have been associated with delayed progression of this disease. The allelic frequencies of these genetic variants also differ between ethnic groups. To investigate the effects of the SDF1 and CCR2b genotypes on disease progression, survival of 200 HIV-infected(More)
South Korean isolates of oseltamivir-resistant influenza viruses from 2005–2010 were investigated with a total 491 influenza viruses identified from 1702 specimens. Neuraminidase genes from 342 influenza viruses (71 A/H1N1, 74 pandemic A/H1N1 2009, 117 A/H3N2, and 80 B) were analyzed by RT-PCR with molecular markers for oseltamivir resistance. The H274Y(More)
PURPOSE Seasonal variations in asthma exacerbation (AE) are associated with respiratory virus outbreaks and the return of children to school after vacation. This study aims to elucidate the period, phase, and amplitude of seasonal cycles of AE in 5 different age groups with regard to rhino- and influenza virus epidemics in Korea. METHODS The number of(More)
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