Jang Hern Lee

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We recently demonstrated that bee venom (BV) injection into the Zusanli acupoint produced a significantly more potent anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effect than injection into a non-acupoint in a Freund's adjuvant induced rheumatoid arthritis (RA) model. However, the precise BV constituents responsible for these antinociceptive and/or(More)
This study examined how L-leucine affected DNA synthesis and cell cycle regulatory protein expression in cultured primary chicken hepatocytes. L-Leucine promoted DNA synthesis in a dose- and time-dependent manner, with concomitant increases in cyclin D1 and cyclin E expression. Phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase C (PKC) mediated the L-leucine-induced(More)
Although recent findings showed that the bioactive lipid metabolites can regulate the ES cell functions, the physiological relevance of interaction between sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and Flk-1 and its related signaling molecules are not yet clear in ES cell proliferation. In the present study, S1P1-5 receptors were expressed in mouse ES cells and S1P(More)
The accumulation of uric acid, an end-product of purine metabolism, is responsible for the many deleterious effects observed in gouty arthritis, including renal injury. Here, we present evidence that under conditions of hyperuricemia (>10(-4) M uric acid) [(3)H]thymidine incorporation into primary renal proximal tubule cells (PTCs) is inhibited, and we(More)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of renal diseases such as diabetic nephropathy. The metabolism of excessive intracellular glucose may involve a number of processes. One consequence of excessive intracellular glucose levels is an increased rate of oxidative phosphorylation under hyperglycemic conditions, whereas another(More)
Fatty acids serve vital functions as sources of energy, building materials for cellular structures, and modulators of physiological responses. Therefore, this study examined the effect of linoleic acid on glucose production and its related signal pathways in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes. Linoleic acid (double-unsaturated, long chain) increased(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that renal renin-angiotensin system contributes to the development of diabetic nephropathy. However, the mechanism of angiotensin II receptor regulation in diabetic condition has not been elucidated. METHODS The effects of high glucose on [(3)H]-arachidonic acid (AA) release and angiotensin II (Ang II) binding and its(More)
Less information is available concerning the molecular mechanisms of cell survival after hypoxia in hepatocytes. Therefore, this study examined the effect of hypoxia on DNA synthesis and its related signal cascades in primary cultured chicken hepatocytes. Hypoxia increased [3H] thymidine incorporation, which was increased significantly after 0-24 h of(More)
Oxidative stress, the result of cellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), has been implicated in causing many renal diseases. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an important extracellular signal in the regulation of many intracellular processes in normal tubular cells as well as in the pathogenesis of cell injury. This study investigated the effect(More)
Human envenomation caused by bee stings has been reported to cause acute renal failure and the pathogenetic mechanisms of these renal functional changes are still unclear. Bee venom is also a complex mixture of enzymes and proteins. Thus, this study was conducted to examine the effects of bee venom (BV, Apis mellifera) fractions on apical transporters'(More)