Janez Sketelj

Learn More
The collagen-tailed or asymmetric forms (A) represent a major component of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the neuromuscular junction of higher vertebrates. They are hetero-oligomeric molecules, in which tetramers of catalytic subunits of type T (AChET) are attached to the subunits of a triple-stranded collagen "tail." We report the cloning of a rat(More)
The collagen-tailed forms of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) are accumulated at mammalian neuromuscular junctions. The A(4), A(8), and A(12) forms are expressed differently in the rat fast and slow muscles; the sternomastoid muscle contains essentially the A(12) form at end plates, whereas the soleus muscle also contains extrajunctional A(4) and A(8) forms. We(More)
The hypothesis of satellite cell diversity in slow and fast mammalian muscles was tested by examining acetylcholinesterase (AChE) regulation in muscles regenerating 1) under conditions of muscle disuse (tenotomy, leg immobilization) in which the pattern of neural stimulation is changed, and 2) after cross-transplantation when the regenerating muscle(More)
Plasticity of mature muscles exposed to different activation patterns is limited, probably due to restricted adaptive range of their muscle fibres. In this study, we tested whether satellite cells derived from slow muscles can give rise to a normal fast muscle, if transplanted to the fast muscle bed. Marcaine-treated rat soleus and extensor digitorum longus(More)
An important role in peripheral nerve regeneration has been ascribed to humoral trophic and tropic agents arising from the nonneuronal cells in the distal nerve stump and the denervated targets. In order to estimate their contribution to axonal elongation after crush injury to the rat sciatic nerve, an in vivo model was designed in which local cellular and(More)
1. Initiation of subsynaptic sarcolemmal specialization and expression of different molecular forms of AChE were studied in fast extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and slow soleus (SOL) muscle of the rat under different experimental conditions in order to understand better the interplay of neural influences with intrinsic regulatory mechanisms of muscle cells.(More)
In adult rat muscles experimentally exposed to various patterns of activation, expression of myosin heavy chain isoforms changes, but only within a certain adaptive range. It is characteristic and different in fast or slow muscles. This may be due either to different intrinsic properties of the myogenic cells of the two types of muscles or to extrinsic(More)
The end-to-side nerve coaptation is able to induce collateral sprouting of axons from the donor nerve and to provide functional reinnervation of the target tissue. Sensory axon sprouting and its effects on the donor nerve up to 9 months after the end-to-side nerve coaptation were studied in the rat. Peroneal, tibial and saphenous nerves were transected and(More)
Myosin heavy chain (MHC) expression was determined immunohistochemically in individual muscle fibre types characterised by activities of ATPase and the key oxidative and glycolytic enzymes in rat ocular medial rectus (MR) muscles. In the global layer (GL), glycolytic activity of muscle fibres was higher and oxidative activity lower, than in the orbital(More)
Abstract The effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO) on sensory axon regeneration was examined in the rat. The sciatic nerve was crushed in both legs. In addition, the distal stump of the sural nerve on one side was made acellular and its blood perfusion was compromised by freezing and thawing. Two experimental groups received hyperbaric exposures (2.5(More)