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The development of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) is associated with the conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a misfolded, pathogenic isoform (PrP(Sc)). Spontaneous generation of PrP(Sc) in inherited forms of disease is caused by mutations in gene coding for PrP (PRNP). In this work, we describe the NMR solution-state(More)
G-quadruplex nucleic acids can bind ammonium ions in solution, and these complexes can be detected by electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). However, because ammonium ions are volatile, the extent to which ESI-MS quantitatively could provide an accurate reflection of such solution-phase equilibria is unclear. Here we studied five G-quadruplexes having(More)
A new folding intermediate of Oxytricha nova telomeric Oxy-1.5 G-quadruplex was characterized in aqueous solution using NMR spectroscopy, native gel electrophoresis, thermal differential spectra (TDS), CD spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). NMR experiments have revealed that this intermediate (i-Oxy-1.5) exists in two symmetric(More)
The synthetic route for introduction of a fluoroalkyl (7-12, 14), fluoroalkenyl (15 and 16), fluorophenylalkyl (17, 19, 20, and 22), and fluorophenylalkenyl (18, 21) side chain at C-6 of the pyrimidine involved the lithiation of the pyrimidine derivatives 3 and 3a and subsequent nucleophilic addition or substitution reactions of the organolithium(More)
The synthetic route for introduction of fluorophenylalkyl (compounds 5, 7, 14 and 15) and fluorophenylalkenyl (compounds 4E and 13) side chains at C-6 of the pyrimidine nucleus involved the lithiation of the pyrimidine derivatives 1, 2 and 11 and subsequent nucleophilic addition or substitution reactions of the organolithium intermediate thus obtained with(More)
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders caused by an aberrant accumulation of the misfolded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) conformer, denoted as infectious scrapie isoform or PrP(Sc). In inherited human prion diseases, mutations in the open reading frame of the PrP gene (PRNP) are hypothesized to favor spontaneous generation of PrP(Sc) in(More)
Conformational properties of trimeric and tetrameric 2',5'-linked oligonucleotides, 3'-MOE-A3(2',5') (1) and 3'-MOE-A4(2',5') (2), and their 3',5'-linked analogs, 2'-MOE-A3(3',5') (3) and 2'-MOE-A4(3',5') (4), were examined with the use of heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. The temperature-dependent 3JHH, 3JHP and 3JCP coupling constants, acquired in the range(More)
A major focus in prion structural biology studies is unraveling the molecular mechanism leading to the structural conversion of PrP(C) to its pathological form, PrP(Sc). In our recent studies, we attempted to understand the early events of the conformational changes leading to PrP(Sc) using as investigative tools point mutations clustered in the open(More)
The fine structure of the DNA double helix and a number of its physical properties depend upon nucleotide sequence. This includes minor groove width, the propensity to undergo the B-form to A-form transition, sequence-directed curvature, and cation localization. Despite the multitude of studies conducted on DNA, it is still difficult to appreciate how these(More)
The most common form of prion disease in humans is sCJD (sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). The naturally occurring E219K polymorphism in the HuPrP (human prion protein) is considered to protect against sCJD. To gain insight into the structural basis of its protective influence we have determined the NMR structure of recombinant HuPrP (residues 90-231)(More)