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We detected clonal mosaicism for large chromosomal anomalies (duplications, deletions and uniparental disomy) using SNP microarray data from over 50,000 subjects recruited for genome-wide association studies. This detection method requires a relatively high frequency of cells with the same abnormal karyotype (>5-10%; presumably of clonal origin) in the(More)
Optic nerve degeneration caused by glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Patients affected by the normal-pressure form of glaucoma are more likely to harbor risk alleles for glaucoma-related optic nerve disease. We have performed a meta-analysis of two independent genome-wide association studies for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) followed(More)
PURPOSE Significant association has recently been reported between pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3825942, and rs1048661, in the lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene (LOXL1). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether XFG-associated variants of LOXL1 play a significant role in primary open-angle glaucoma in(More)
  • Megan Ulmer Carnes, Yangfan P. Liu, R. Rand Allingham, Benjamin T. Whigham, Shane Havens, Melanie E. Garrett +7 others
  • 2014
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common subtype and is a complex trait with multigenic inheritance. Genome-wide association studies have previously identified a significant association between POAG and the SIX6 locus (rs10483727, odds ratio (OR) = 1.32, p = 3.87×10(-11)). SIX6 plays a role in(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have emerged as powerful means for identifying genetic loci related to complex diseases. However, the role of environment and its potential to interact with key loci has not been adequately addressed in most GWAS. Networks of collaborative studies involving different study populations and multiple phenotypes provide a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the interactions between genetic predisposition and consumption of fried food in relation to body mass index (BMI) and obesity. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS 9623 women from the Nurses' Health Study, 6379 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, and a(More)
  • Qiao Fan, Veluchamy A. Barathi, Ching-Yu Cheng, Xin Zhou, Akira Meguro, Isao Nakata +25 others
  • 2012
As one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness, myopia poses a significant public health burden in Asia. The primary determinant of myopia is an elongated ocular axial length (AL). Here we report a meta-analysis of three genome-wide association studies on AL conducted in 1,860 Chinese adults, 929 Chinese children, and 2,155 Malay adults. We(More)
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common form of glaucoma and one of the leading causes of vision loss worldwide. The genetic etiology of POAG is complex and poorly understood. The purpose of this work is to identify genomic regions of interest linked to POAG. This study is the largest genetic linkage study of POAG performed to date: genomic(More)
Glaucoma is characterized by irreversible optic nerve degeneration and is the most frequent cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Here, the International Glaucoma Genetics Consortium conducts a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of vertical cup-disc ratio (VCDR), an important disease-related optic nerve parameter. In 21,094 individuals of(More)
  • Puya Gharahkhani, Kathryn P Burdon, Rhys Fogarty, Shiwani Sharma, Alex W. Hewitt, Sarah Martin +35 others
  • 2014
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is a major cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. We performed a genome-wide association study in an Australian discovery cohort comprising 1,155 cases with advanced POAG and 1,992 controls. We investigated the association of the top SNPs from the discovery stage in two Australian replication cohorts (932 cases and(More)