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Journals and Conferences
Melanin is a virulence factor for many pathogenic fungal species, including Cryptococcus neoformans. Melanin is deposited in the cell wall, and melanin isolated from this fungus retains the shape of the cells, resulting in hollow spheres called "ghosts". In this study, atomic force, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopy revealed that… (More)
Sol-gel silicas with nominal pore diameters ranging from 25A to 500A were studied by NMR cryoporometry, and by neutron diffraction and small angle scattering from dry silicas over the Q range 8. 10(-4)A(-1) < or = Q < or = 17A(-1). Density and imbibation experiments were also performed. Geometric models of porous systems were constructed and were studied by… (More)
Neutron diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxation studies have been made of water/ice in mesoporous SBA-15 silica with ordered structures of cylindrical mesopores with a pore diameter ∼8.6 nm, over the temperature range 180-300 K. Both measurements show similar depressed freezing and melting points due to the Gibb-Thomson effect. The… (More)
A carefully chosen set of experimental techniques applied to porous media characterization provides results that can be much greater than the sum of the individual parts. The inter-relation and complementarity of a number of techniques will be considered. NMR cryoporometry provides a valuable method of pore size measurement. An NMR method that is more… (More)
Eriophyoid big bud mites are key pests of hazelnut throughout the world, but they are difficult to control with chemicals or other methods because they are protected inside the bud. The most effective time for control is during the relatively short emergence period which is difficult for growers to predict. The key objectives of this study were to monitor… (More)
The technique of nuclear magnetic resonance cryoporometry has been used to study the behavior of binary liquid mixtures of water and decane in porous sol-gel silicas. It was observed that the water preferentially adsorbed onto the silica surface and so was able to displace the decane from the pores.
The Gibbs-Thomson effect modifies the pressure and temperature at which clathrates occur, hence altering the depth at which they occur in the seabed. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements as a function of temperature are being conducted for water/ice/hydrate systems in a range of pore geometries, including templated SBA-15 silicas, controlled pore… (More)
Pore size distribution mapping has been demonstrated using NMR cryoporometry in the presence of a magnetic field gradient. This novel method is extendable to 2D and 3D mapping. It offers a unique nondestructive method of obtaining full pore-size distributions in the range 3 to 100 nm at any point within a bulk sample.
A study has been made as a function of temperature of the phase transformation of water and ice in two samples of mesoporous silica gel with pore diameters of approximately 50 A. One sample was modified by coating with a layer of trimethylchlorosilane, giving a predominantly hydrophobic internal surface, whereas the unmodified sample has a hydrophilic… (More)