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Proprotein convertase substilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) promotes the degradation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) and thereby increases serum LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C). We have developed a humanized monoclonal antibody that recognizes the LDLR binding domain of PCSK9. This antibody, J16, and its precursor mouse antibody, J10, potently inhibit(More)
Target-mediated clearance and high antigen load can hamper the efficacy and dosage of many antibodies. We show for the first time that the mouse, cynomolgus, and human cross-reactive, antagonistic anti-proprotein convertase substilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) antibodies J10 and the affinity-matured and humanized J16 exhibit target-mediated clearance, resulting(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a neuropeptide implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and in mediating the efficacy of antipsychotic drugs. NT is also involved in the regulation of body temperature and pain sensitivity. Using neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice, these studies evaluated the involvement of NTR1 in the(More)
Bispecific antibodies and antibody fragments are a new class of therapeutics increasingly utilized in the clinic for T cell recruitment (catumaxomab anti-EpCAM/CD3 and blinatumomab anti-CD19/CD3), increase in the selectivity of targeting, or simultaneous modulation of multiple cellular pathways. While the clinical potential for certain bispecific antibody(More)
volume 33 NumBeR 7 JulY 2015 nature biotechnology single dose of each ADC in a Colo205 xenograft mouse model. Although the conventional DAR8 conjugate showed good in vitro potency (Fig. 1b,c), it achieved only minor tumor inhibition in vivo (Fig. 1d and Supplementary Fig. 3c). In contrast, we found that a single dose of either site-specific DAR6 or DAR8_1(More)
The efficacy of an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) is dependent on the properties of its linker-payload which must remain stable while in systemic circulation but undergo efficient processing upon internalization into target cells. Here, we examine the stability of a non-cleavable Amino-PEG6-based linker bearing the monomethyl auristatin D (MMAD) payload(More)
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) provide an efficacious and relatively safe means by which chemotherapeutic agents can be specifically targeted to cancer cells. In addition to the selection of antibody targets, ADCs offer a modular design that allows selection of ADC characteristics through the choice of linker chemistries, toxins, and conjugation sites.(More)
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