Janet S. Kerr

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Computer-assisted procedures are used to measure infarct areas in animal stroke models, but this approach usually follows the less objective manual tracing of the boundaries of the infarct. Building on previously reported methodology using scanned images of triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC)-stained rat brains in the intraluminal thread model, we developed(More)
In this study inflammatory responses were determined in rat lungs 0, 1, 3, and 8 days following single 2- and 4-hr exposures to 1.8 ppm ozone. Analysis of lavage fluid immediately following exposure demonstrated enhanced lactate dehydrogenase activity and decreased numbers of lavageable macrophages but no alterations in albumin content. Similar analyses at(More)
Integrins are involved in many cellular processes, including some pathological ones associated with various cancers, both solid tumours and metastases. Since integrins are involved in such critical processes as gene expression, which lead to cellular proliferation, migration, survival and angiogenesis, they represent potential targets for therapeutic(More)
Extracellular phospholipase A2 activity (PLA2) found in the fluid and cells of the peritoneal cavity of rats injected with casein is described. PLA2 activities from both the fluid and cells require Ca2+ and have pH optima of 7. Acid-extraction increased PLA2 activity in the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) homogenates 20-fold but not the PLA2 activity in(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis is a complex process involving endothelial cell migration, proliferation, invasion, and tube formation. Inhibition of these processes might have implications in various angiogenesis-mediated disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS The antiangiogenic efficacy of the novel alphavbeta3 antagonist TA138 was examined using in vivo and in vitro(More)
This paper reviews evidence supporting a role for oxidants in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema. Recent studies have shown that connective tissue components are directly degraded by oxidantsin vitro. Exposure of animals to oxidant gases causes degradation of lung connective tissue and results in an emphysematous lesion in the lung several weeks after(More)
Alternative splicing of the human beta-aspartyl (asparaginyl) hydroxylase (BAH) gene results in the expression of humbug, a truncated form of BAH that lacks the catalytic domain of the enzyme. Overexpression of BAH and humbug has been associated with a variety of human cancers, and although humbug lacks enzymatic activity, it is expressed at levels(More)
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