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The authors develop and test a culturally sensitive, low-intensity smoking cessation intervention for low-socioeconomic African Americans. African American adult smokers were randomly assigned to receive either a multicomponent smoking cessation intervention comprising a printed guide, a video, and a telephone booster call or health education materials not(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to explore smoking patterns and attitudes that influence smoking cessation and relapse among African Americans. METHODS Baseline data from eight Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT) sites were analyzed. RESULTS Compared with Whites, African Americans who smoke less than 25 cigarettes per day(More)
The purpose of this project was to develop and test culturally appropriate, low literacy, smoking cessation intervention materials designed to increase quit rates and prevent relapse postpartum for low-income African American and Hispanic women. A quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design was used. Four Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic sites in(More)
BACKGROUND Health promotion interventions often contain several, conceptually diverse elements. As a result, it is often difficult to determine why interventions succeed or fail as well as which components should be retained or eliminated. One method to examine the effectiveness of individual intervention elements is process analysis. METHODS Kick It! is(More)
BACKGROUND Baseline telephone survey data from 10 COMMIT sites were submitted to statistical analyses to compare the smoking characteristics of non-Hispanic white (white), non-Hispanic black (black), Mexican-origin (Mexican), and Puerto Rican-origin (Puerto Rican) smokers. RESULTS White men and women were more likely to be classified as "heavy smokers"(More)
This study was undertaken to examine gender differences in the perception of social constraints against smoking and to explore the role of other sociodemographic and smoking factors that influence the perception of social pressure. Baseline data from the 20 U.S. sites in the National Cancer Institute's Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation(More)
OBJECTIVE Whilst the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was developed to measure three intercorrelated dimensions, there is some debate as to whether the scale is best served by a two- or three-factor construct. In particular, there is some doubt as to whether clinical data exhibit the third factor. This study uses data from a sample of(More)