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Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that oestrogens are involved in the carcinogenic promotion of human breast cancer. We have undertaken a pilot trial of tamoxifen, an anti-oestrogen, compared to placebo given to 200 women at a high risk of developing breast cancer. The results of this trial show that acute toxicity is low and that accrual(More)
Cerebral metastases are considered an uncommon complication of ovarian carcinoma. In a series of 52 patients treated with platinum, Adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide combination chemotherapy, 6 patients developed cerebral metastases, an incidence (11.6%) higher than that reported by others. The median age of the patients with cerebral metastases was similar(More)
BACKGROUND Our objective was to quantify how the 2009 revisions of the 1990 Institute of Medicine (IOM) gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines change women's body mass index (BMI) categorization and BMI-specific GWG adherence categories. The goal was to identify how provider counseling practices need to change on a population level. METHODS A(More)
Nausea and emesis are common side effects of opioid drugs administered for pain relief in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to compare the anti-emetic efficacy and safety of ondansetron, placebo and metoclopramide in the treatment of opioid-induced nausea and emesis (OIE) in cancer patients. This was a multinational, multicentre, double-blind,(More)
Eighty-four patients with breast cancer at high risk of bone metastases were investigated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar spine. Of 58 patients with normal limited skeletal surveys (LSS) and bone scans (BS), 4 (7%) had MR images compatible with malignant infiltration. Fourteen patients had abnormal bone scans with normal or(More)
A roentgenographical study of the supposedly normal cervical spine in 40 children is reported. At the upper cervical level, the validity of the criteria in the literature (especially the atlantodental distance on the lateral view) was confirmed, and an upper limit was determined for children. A study of the atlantoaxial relationship on the anteroposterior(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate a linkage methodology for mother and baby automated medical records, and describe frequency, type, and pregnancy risk level of medications prescribed during pregnancy in a GPRD cohort, 1991-1999. METHODS We linked records using a two-stage algorithm and selected pairs with > or = 7 months prenatal records and > or = 2 records in(More)
The role of chemotherapy in the palliation of patients with advanced stage (IIIB and IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. We have carried out a chemotherapy study emphasising symptom relief, a topic not normally discussed in previous similar studies. A total of 120 patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung(More)
The efficacy and toxicity of sodium valproate for cancer-related neuropathic pain was evaluated in a phase II study at this cancer center. Twenty-five patients entered the study over a 13 month period. Pain was assessed using a pain scale based on the Brief Pain Inventory at days 0, 8 and 15. Nineteen patients completed the two week study period, one(More)
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating new interventions. Different RCT designs apply depending on the patient population, clinical setting, and intervention being evaluated. A design that may help to generate evidence in some clinical areas where recruitment is a challenge is aggregated n-of-1 trials. N-of-1 trials are(More)