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Swine cysticercosis, a severe zoonotic disease which is part of the Taenia solium life cycle, causes major economic losses in pig husbandry. Throughout South America, farmers diagnose cysticercosis by examining the tongues of their pigs for cysticercus nodules. Farmers do not bring pigs believed to be infected to the slaughterhouse for fear of confiscation.(More)
BACKGROUND In 1992 two US Peace Corps volunteers (PCVs) developed central nervous system schistosomiasis due to infection with Schistosoma haematobium following recreational water exposure at Cape Maclear on Lake Malawi, an African lake considered by many to be free of schistosomiasis. To determine the transmission potential and risk for aquiring(More)
The procedure for covalent conjugation of horseradish peroxidase (POD) to goat anti-human IgG (GAHG) molecules was systematically optimized in terms of reactant molar ratio, time of reaction, pH, and temperature. The optimum conjugation procedure was defined by the conditions that produced an enzyme-labeled Ab with the highest specific activity in(More)
Schistosoma mansoni is a blood fluke that produces glycoconjugates containing the Lewis x antigen (Le(x)) Gal beta 1-->4(Fuc alpha 1-->3) GlcNAc beta 1-->R. However, Le(x) antigen is also normally expressed in many tissues of adult rodents. We now report that mice and hamsters chronically infected with S.mansoni generate high titers of both IgM and IgG(More)
In countries where cysticercosis is endemic, the proportion of epilepsy due to cysticercosis is not well documented. To investigate the association between cysticercosis and epilepsy, we used the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay to detect serum antibodies to Taenia solium in 498 consecutive outpatients at a neurology clinic in Lima,(More)
Taenia solium cysticercosis is a frequent cause of neurological disease in developing countries. Specific diagnosis of cysticercosis is difficult. We obtained serum and/or CSF samples from 204 consecutive patients admitted to a neurological ward in Lima, Peru, and looked for antibodies specific for T solium with the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot(More)
During the 3 years that the enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay for the diagnosis of human cysticercosis has been in use at the Centers for Disease Control, 50 patients with both pathologically confirmed neurocysticercosis and computed tomographic (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan results were identified. Of 32 patients with(More)
Simple and rapid polystyrene- and nitrocellulose-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were developed for detecting antibodies against adult Schistosoma mansoni microsomal antigens. The polystyrene test uses the Nunc Immuno Stick System. A single dilution of the antibody source being tested, the conjugate, and the substrate(More)
We compared results of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and an enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot (EITB) assay for the diagnosis of cysticercosis in sera and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Sera from 34 patients with confirmed cysticercosis were tested by both ELISA and EITB assays. Cerebrospinal fluid from some of these patients was also(More)
Neurocysticercosis cases were identified in 1991 in an Orthodox Jewish community. Transmission was linked to tapeworm-infected immigrant housekeepers from countries where Taenia solium is endemic. To evaluate the extent of and risks for locally acquired cysticercosis, a seroprevalence survey was conducted in 9% of the households in this community.(More)