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BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activation contributes to tissue remodeling in several disease states, and increased MMP activity has been observed in left ventricular (LV) failure. The present study tested the hypothesis that MMP inhibition would influence LV remodeling and function in developing LV failure. METHODS AND RESULTS LV size and(More)
The development of congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with left ventricle (LV) dilation and myocardial remodeling. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a significant role in extracellular remodeling, and recent studies have demonstrated increased MMP expression and activity with CHF. Whether increased MMP activity directly contributes to the(More)
Two subclasses of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP)-specific phosphodiesterases were identified in vascular tissue from several beds. The activity of one subclass (phosphodiesterase IB) was stimulated severalfold by calmodulin and selectively inhibited by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor TCV-3B. The activity of the other subclass (phosphodiesterase IC)(More)
OBJECTIVE Characterize the timecourse of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-1, -2, -3, -7, -9, -11, -12, -13, and -14) and endogenous tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMP-1, -2, -3, and -4) upregulation during left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. METHODS The descending left coronary artery of male rats (Rattus norvegicus)(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dilatation are important compensatory responses to chronic volume overload. Although LV function is initially preserved by these responses, the continued structural remodeling of the myocardium ultimately becomes maladaptive, leading to the development of heart failure. We have shown previously that increased(More)
OBJECTIVE Determine the effect of a matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPi) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) on collagen, MMP, tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) expression in the spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rat. METHODS Six groups were tested: normotensive 9- and 13-month-old Wistar-Furth (WF) rats, 9-month-old(More)
Int J Exerc Sci 4(3) : 176-184, 2011. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of percent body fat estimates from seven different bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) models and a seven-site skin fold formula (SKF) compared with air displacement plethysmography (ADP) in females. Eighty-two female volunteers ranging from 19-67 years (31.96 ±(More)
BACKGROUND Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is classified as early-onset or late-onset, in part, to identify subjects at risk for infection with resistant pathogens. We assessed differences in the bacterial etiology of early-onset versus late-onset VAP. METHODS Subjects enrolled in 2004-2006 in 2 clinical studies of doripenem versus imipenem or(More)