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OBJECTIVE As evidence of partial aetiological overlap between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia is accumulating, it is important to determine whether genes implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia play a role in bipolar disorder, and vice versa. As the neuregulin 1 (NRG1) gene has been associated with schizophrenia, we set out to investigate(More)
There is growing evidence of partial aetiological overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BP) from linkage analysis, genetic epidemiology and molecular genetics studies. In the present study we investigated whether individual polymorphisms or haplotypes of the DAO and G72(DAOA)/G30 genes, which have been previously implicated in schizophrenia,(More)
People with schizophrenia have an increased risk of metabolic syndrome, with consequent elevated morbidity and mortality, largely due to cardiovascular disease. Metabolic disorders comprise obesity, dyslipidemia and elevated levels of triglycerides, hypertension, and disturbed insulin and glucose metabolism. The elevated risk of metabolic syndrome in(More)
Pulmonary surfactant stabilizes the lung by reducing surface tension at the air-water interface of the alveoli. Surfactant is present in the lung in a number of morphological forms, including tubular myelin (TM). TM is composed of unusual 40 x 40 nm square elongated proteolipid tubes. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was performed on polymer-embedded Lowicryl(More)
The authors administered the Carroll rating scale for depression to 100 patients with residual schizophrenia and found that 41 were also depressed. Of these 41 patients, 23 were given a dexamethasone suppression test; 7 (31%) failed to suppress cortisol. A matched control group, i.e., 23 patients with residual schizophrenia but without depression,(More)
OBJECTIVE In the study of bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia, there is some evidence suggesting a phenotypic and genetic overlap between the two disorders. A possible link between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia remains arguable, however. The authors hypothesized that dysbindin, which is a probable susceptibility gene for(More)
Clozapine is a potent antagonist of 5-HT3 receptors, which are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate rapid excitatory responses in the central nervous system. Two different isoforms of 5-HT3 receptor subunit genes (HTR3A and HTR3B) have been identified. They have been assigned to chromosome 11q23.1-q23.2, a region which in the past has been linked to(More)
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are major psychiatric diseases that have a strong genetic element. Markers in the vicinity of the CHRNA7 gene at 15q13-q14 have been linked with an endophenotype of schizophrenia, P50 sensory gating disorder, with schizophrenia itself and with bipolar disorder. We have measured the copy number of the polymorphic partial(More)
There are several lines of evidence implicating the dopamine D3 receptor in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The Ser9Gly polymorphism of the dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) has been the most extensively investigated DRD3 variant in connection with the disease but results have been inconclusive. Recent reports indicate that the Ser9Gly polymorphism is(More)
Although current psychiatric nosology separates bipolar disorder and schizophrenia into non-overlapping categories, there is growing evidence of a partial aetiological overlap between them from linkage, genetic epidemiology and molecular genetics studies. Thus, it is important to determine whether genes implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia play a(More)