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OBJECTIVES To investigate the validity of the NART as an estimate of premorbid IQ in schizophrenia. DESIGN A within-in participants, follow-back design was adopted. METHODS A sample of adults with schizophrenia who had presented to psychiatric services and had a measure of IQ routinely taken during childhood were traced and subject to follow-up WAIS-R(More)
The adrenergic system plays an important role in psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Antagonism of the adrenergic receptor subtypes alpha1A and alpha2A has been found to have an antipsychotic effect. Genetic mutations in these receptors could be related to the alterations in the adrenergic system observed in psychiatric patients and(More)
CYP1A2 activity has been demonstrated to be bimodally or trimodally distributed in several populations, consistent with a codominant or recessive functional genetic polymorphism. However, studies aimed at identifying polymorphisms in CYPIA2 have not yet adequately accounted for this distribution pattern. To search for functional polymorphisms, we performed(More)
OBJECTIVE As evidence of partial aetiological overlap between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia is accumulating, it is important to determine whether genes implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia play a role in bipolar disorder, and vice versa. As the neuregulin 1 (NRG1) gene has been associated with schizophrenia, we set out to investigate(More)
Clozapine is a potent atypical antipsychotic which binds to a variety of neurotransmitter receptors including serotonin (5-HT) receptors. However, the precise neurochemical site of clozapine's therapeutic action is unknown. We hypothesize that genetic variation in the neurotransmitter receptors to which the drug binds may influence clozapine response. To(More)
OBJECTIVE Treatment options are very limited for individuals with schizophrenia resistant to clozapine. We tested the hypothesis that amisulpride augmentation would lead to an improvement in these patients. METHOD This was an open non-randomized study. Thirty-three patients with sub-optimal response to clozapine were commenced on amisulpride in addition(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmitter receptors are targeted by atypical antipsychotic drugs. We hypothesized that genetic variation in these receptors may affect clinical response to the drugs targeting them. This hypothesis has been tested by several studies in which the correlation between polymorphic variants in the 5-HT2A receptor gene and clinical(More)
Dopamine receptors are strong candidates for involvement in schizophrenia and are targeted by a wide variety of antipsychotics. We hypothesized that genetic variation in these neurotransmitter receptors may influence clinical response to clozapine, an antipsychotic which displays high affinity for dopamine D2 receptors in the limbic system. To test this(More)
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are major psychiatric diseases that have a strong genetic element. Markers in the vicinity of the CHRNA7 gene at 15q13-q14 have been linked with an endophenotype of schizophrenia, P50 sensory gating disorder, with schizophrenia itself and with bipolar disorder. We have measured the copy number of the polymorphic partial(More)
The neuronal protein 14-3-3 eta is a candidate gene for schizophrenia because it maps chromosome 22q12, a region implicated in the disease by linkage analysis, and is involved in brain development. We systematically screened this gene for polymorphic variants by comparison of public EST sequence data (five cDNAs and 72 ESTs, 21,155 bp of sequence) in(More)