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OBJECTIVES To investigate the validity of the NART as an estimate of premorbid IQ in schizophrenia. DESIGN A within-in participants, follow-back design was adopted. METHODS A sample of adults with schizophrenia who had presented to psychiatric services and had a measure of IQ routinely taken during childhood were traced and subject to follow-up WAIS-R(More)
OBJECTIVE As evidence of partial aetiological overlap between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia is accumulating, it is important to determine whether genes implicated in the aetiology of schizophrenia play a role in bipolar disorder, and vice versa. As the neuregulin 1 (NRG1) gene has been associated with schizophrenia, we set out to investigate(More)
There is growing evidence of partial aetiological overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BP) from linkage analysis, genetic epidemiology and molecular genetics studies. In the present study we investigated whether individual polymorphisms or haplotypes of the DAO and G72(DAOA)/G30 genes, which have been previously implicated in schizophrenia,(More)
People with schizophrenia have an increased risk of metabolic syndrome, with consequent elevated morbidity and mortality, largely due to cardiovascular disease. Metabolic disorders comprise obesity, dyslipidemia and elevated levels of triglycerides, hypertension, and disturbed insulin and glucose metabolism. The elevated risk of metabolic syndrome in(More)
OBJECTIVE In the study of bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia, there is some evidence suggesting a phenotypic and genetic overlap between the two disorders. A possible link between bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia remains arguable, however. The authors hypothesized that dysbindin, which is a probable susceptibility gene for(More)
Clozapine is a potent antagonist of 5-HT3 receptors, which are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate rapid excitatory responses in the central nervous system. Two different isoforms of 5-HT3 receptor subunit genes (HTR3A and HTR3B) have been identified. They have been assigned to chromosome 11q23.1-q23.2, a region which in the past has been linked to(More)
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are major psychiatric diseases that have a strong genetic element. Markers in the vicinity of the CHRNA7 gene at 15q13-q14 have been linked with an endophenotype of schizophrenia, P50 sensory gating disorder, with schizophrenia itself and with bipolar disorder. We have measured the copy number of the polymorphic partial(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmitter receptors are targeted by atypical antipsychotic drugs. We hypothesized that genetic variation in these receptors may affect clinical response to the drugs targeting them. This hypothesis has been tested by several studies in which the correlation between polymorphic variants in the 5-HT2A receptor gene and clinical(More)
Dopamine receptors are strong candidates for involvement in schizophrenia and are targeted by a wide variety of antipsychotics. We hypothesized that genetic variation in these neurotransmitter receptors may influence clinical response to clozapine, an antipsychotic which displays high affinity for dopamine D2 receptors in the limbic system. To test this(More)