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Emotional risk factors are explored in four case studies, each of whom had sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Selected pre-existing personality traits that compounded the symptom presentation included over-achievement, dependency, grandiosity and borderline personality traits. Premorbid risk factors are described and their influence on(More)
OBJECTIVE Cognitive adaptation training is a psychosocial treatment that uses individually tailored environmental supports, such as signs, calendars, hygiene supplies, and pill containers, to cue and sequence adaptive behavior in the client's home environment. Generic environmental supports offer a less costly treatment that provides a predetermined package(More)
Estimation of premorbid functioning in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a difficult but necessary step both in the assessment of neurological impairment and in planning treatment. Because the estimation process is almost always retrospective, its reliability is questionable. The use of multiple sources of information improves the likelihood of(More)
We examined the short-term efficacy of two treatments using environmental supports (e.g. signs, alarms, pill containers, and checklists) to improve target behaviors in individuals with schizophrenia. 120 participants were randomized into one of the following three treatment groups: 1) Cognitive Adaptation Training (CAT; a manual-driven set of environmental(More)
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