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Physical inactivity is one of the four leading risk factors for global mortality. Accurate measurement of physical activity (PA) and in particular by physical activity questionnaires (PAQs) remains a challenge. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated systematic review of the reliability and validity characteristics of existing and more recently(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an Internet-based weight-loss program for men in an assessor blinded randomized controlled trial. In total, 65 overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1) years; BMI = 30.6 (2.8)) were randomly assigned to either (i) Internet group (n = 34) or(More)
Physical activity has a fundamental role in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The precise measurement of physical activity is key to many surveillance and epidemiological studies investigating trends and associations with disease. Public health initiatives aimed at increasing physical activity rely on the measurement of physical activity to(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of dietetic treatment for obese children and to report details of dietary interventions. DATA SOURCES English-language articles from 1975 to 2003 available from health and medical databases. STUDY SELECTION Randomized controlled trials with subjects younger than 18 years of age that included a dietary intervention(More)
This article reports the 12-month follow-up results and process evaluation of the SHED-IT (Self-Help, Exercise, and Diet using Information Technology) trial, an Internet-based weight loss program exclusively for men. Sixty-five overweight/obese male staff and students at the University of Newcastle (Callaghan, Australia) (mean (s.d.) age = 35.9 (11.1)(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent reports have suggested that a low glycemic index (GI) diet may have a role in the management of obesity through its ability to increase the satiety value of food and modulate appetite. To date, no long-term clinical trials have examined the effect of dietary GI on body weight regulation. The majority of evidence comes from single-day(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is increasing at an alarming rate around the world and prevention has become a key public health objective. Treatment and management of those already overweight and obese must be aligned with the best available evidence on effectiveness, if the risk of obesity-related morbidity(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the accuracy with which children aged 5 to 7 years were able to report the food eaten at a school lunch. SUBJECTS/SETTING Two hundred and three children (103 boys, 100 girls) aged 5-7 years were recruited from three primary schools in Oxford. DESIGN Trained investigators made observational records of the school(More)
This paper describes the development, implementation and evaluation of a school- and family-based intervention to prevent obesity in children aged 5-7 years. In addition, the efficacy of three different intervention programmes was compared. Children aged 5-7 years (n=213) were recruited from three primary schools in Oxford and randomly allocated to a(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of obesity has increased rapidly in most developed countries in the last decades, and this rise is now spreading to developing countries. Childhood obesity is also increasing. The UK government has set a target to halt the rise in childhood obesity by 2010. Dietary recommendations are a central component of any comprehensive(More)