Janet M. Fischer

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We studied the selection response of the freshwater grazing zooplankter, Daphnia galeata, to increased abundance of cyanobacteria in its environment. Cyanobacteria are a poor-quality and often toxic food. Distinct genotypes of D. galeata were hatched from diapausing eggs extracted from three time horizons in the sediments of Lake Constance, Europe, covering(More)
The current prevailing theory of diel vertical migration (DVM) of zooplankton is focused largely on two biotic drivers: food and predation. Yet recent evidence suggests that abiotic drivers such as damaging ultraviolet (UV) radiation and temperature are also important. Here we integrate current knowledge on the effects of abiotic factors on DVM with the(More)
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a globally important abiotic factor influencing ecosystem structure and function in multiple ways. While UV radiation can be damaging to most organisms, several factors act to reduce UV exposure of organisms in aquatic ecosystems, the most important of which is dissolved organic carbon (DOC). In alpine lakes, very low(More)
Understanding the factors that affect biological recovery from environmental stressors such as acidification is an important challenge in ecology. Here we report on zooplankton community recovery following the experimental acidification of Little Rock Lake, Wisconsin, USA. One decade following cessation of acid additions to the northern basin of Little Rock(More)
The objective of this study was to expand the spatial scale of previous experiments on the effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on diel vertical migration (DVM) by freshwater zooplankton. We conducted an in situ mesocosm experiment in highly UVR transparent Lake Giles, Pennsylvania, in which we imposed two treatments: ambient UVR and UVR-shielded.(More)
We examined the effects of UV radiation (UVR) on metabolic rates of the freshwater cladoceran Daphnia catawba. We exposed D. catawba to UVB for 12 h in a lamp phototron at levels of 2.08 and 4.16 kJ m(-2) both with and without concomitant exposure to UVA and visible photorepair radiation (PRR). We also included a group that received PRR only and a dark(More)
Alpine lakes may be particularly useful as sentinels of climate change because they are highly sensitive to environmental conditions. To explore the potential biotic consequences of climate change in these systems, we conducted paleo- and neoecological observational studies, as well as a short-term experiment to examine Daphnia responses to changing(More)
The repair of a ventral hernia in an obese patient presents an interesting clinical challenge. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 55 patients who, over a 12-year period from 1983 to 1995, concomitantly underwent both ventral herniorrhaphy and panniculectomy or abdominoplasty. In six of 55 patients, the hernia was recurrent. Forty-six patients had(More)
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