Janet Little

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Effective treatment of chronic pain with morphine is limited by decreases in the drug's analgesic action with chronic administration (antinociceptive tolerance). Because opioids are mainstays of pain management, restoring their efficacy has great clinical importance. We have recently reported that formation of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-), PN) in the dorsal horn(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) modulates a number of processes relevant to host immunity and inflammation. We investigated the capacity of the human alveolar macrophage to elaborate IL-6 in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), recombinant interleukin-1 (rIL-1), and recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF), and compared macrophage IL-6 production to that of blood(More)
The active phase of primary and challenge oral infections of Toxoplasma gondii was investigated with respect to natural killer (NK) activity against YAC-1 tumour cell targets in vitro and serum interferon (IFN) titres. Primary (non-lethal) oral infection of BALB/c mice with Me49 oocysts resulted in a rapid increase of serum IFN titres, followed by augmented(More)
Murine B lymphocyte clones have proven to be useful models to study aspects of B lymphocyte growth and development. It had been previously shown that induction of TH2.2 (B lymphoma X B lymphocyte) with LPS resulted in differentiation into IgM-secreting cells (a feature similar to other B cells lines such as BCL1), and secretion of(More)
Experiments were carried out to ascertain whether the acute inflammatory phase of the intestinal response of hamsters to infection with Trichinella spiralis would adversely affect hookworms in concurrently infected animals. The survival and growth of hookworms were unaffected. However, the presence of hookworms reduced the establishment of T. spiralis, the(More)
Weekly evaluation of serum antibody activity in IgA, IgM, IgG1 and IgG2 as well as serum IgE levels indicates highly significant reduction in IgE and elevation of IgA in calves experimentally desensitized with Micropolyspora faeni soluble antigen. Serum IgG2, IgG1 and IgM levels were also elevated. Results are discussed in the light of the possible(More)
This paper describes a set of strategies developed by the Department ofcomputer Science, Liverpool University to promote the necessary conditions for electronic commerce within the Mcrscyside Region of the UK. The implications of these strategies for the IT professionals involved in the project, for the utilisntion of skills among unemployed computing(More)