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We infected a transgenic Arabidopsis line (GxA), containing an amplicon-silenced 35S : : GFP transgene, with cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), a plant pararetrovirus with a DNA genome. Systemically infected leaves showed strong GFP fluorescence and amplicon transcripts were detectable in Northern blots, indicating that silencing of GFP had been suppressed(More)
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) encodes a multifunctional protein P6 that is required for translation of the 35S RNA and also acts as a suppressor of RNA silencing. Here we demonstrate that P6 additionally acts as a pathogenicity effector of an unique and novel type, modifying NPR1 (a key regulator of salicylic acid (SA)- and jasmonic acid (JA)-dependent(More)
PR-1 has been extensively used as a marker for salicylic acid (SA)-mediated defence and systemic and local acquired resistance. The Arabidopsis Genome Project annotates At2g19990 as PR-1. This gene is also identified as PR-1 in two “full genome” Arabidopsis microarrays, and TAIR cites approximately 60 articles to describe its patterns of expression.(More)
We analyzed the susceptibility of Arabidopsis mutants with defects in salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA)/ethylene (ET) signaling to infection by Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV). Mutants cpr1-1 and cpr5-2, in which SA-dependent defense signaling is activated constitutively, were substantially more resistant than the wild type to systemic infection,(More)
Protein P6 is the main symptom determinant of cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV), and transgene-mediated expression in Arabidopsis induces a symptom-like phenotype in the absence of infection. Seeds of a P6-transgenic line, A7, were mutagenized by γ-irradiation and M2 seedlings were screened for mutants that suppressed the phenotype of chlorosis and stunting.(More)
Long-distance virus transport takes place through the vascular system and is dependent on the movement of photoassimilates. Here, patterns of symptom development, virus movement and gene expression were analysed in Arabidopsis following inoculation with Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) on a single leaf. Virus accumulation and expression of markers for the(More)
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) encodes a 520 aa polypeptide, P6, which participates in several essential activities in the virus life cycle including suppressing RNA silencing and salicylic acid-responsive defence signalling. We infected Arabidopsis with CaMV mutants containing short in-frame deletions within the P6 ORF. A deletion in the distal end of(More)
Circadian clocks allow the temporal compartmentalization of biological processes. In Arabidopsis, circadian rhythms display organ specificity but the underlying molecular causes have not been identified. We investigated the mechanisms responsible for the similarities and differences between the clocks of mature shoots and roots in constant conditions and in(More)
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