Learn More
Musculoskeletal simulations of human movement commonly use Hill muscle models to predict muscle forces, but their sensitivity to model parameter values is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle model sensitivity to perturbations in 14 Hill muscle model parameters in forward dynamic simulations of running and walking by varying(More)
BACKGROUND It has been speculated that the hormonal cycle may be correlated with higher incidence of ACL injury in female athletes, but results have been very contradictory. HYPOTHESIS Knee joint loads are influenced by knee joint laxity (KJL) during the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. METHODS Serum samples and KJL were(More)
This study aimed to estimate the reliability of 3-D trunk surface measurements for the characterization of external asymmetry associated with scoliosis. Repeated trunk surface acquisitions using the Inspeck system (Inspeck Inc., Montreal, Canada), with two different postures A (anatomical position) and B (''clavicle'' position), were obtained from patients(More)
The ovine stifle joint is a promising animal model for investigation of joint mechanobiology. A method for in vivo measurement of dynamic 3-D kinematics of the ovine stifle joint is described (accuracy: 0.36 +/- 0.39 mm). Inter-subject variability in kinematics is greater than both intra-subject and inter-session variability. For future studies in which(More)
Scoliosis severity, measured by the Cobb angle, was estimated by artificial neural network from indices of torso surface asymmetry using a genetic algorithm to select the optimal set of input torso indices. Estimates of the Cobb angle were accurate within 5 degrees in two-thirds, and within 10 degrees in six-sevenths, of a test set of 115 scans of 48(More)
Dynamic knee joint function requires coordinated multi-muscle activation patterns (MMP) that may be adversely affected by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study identified MMP changes in post-operative female TKA patients using a Support Vector Machine (SVM). It was hypothesised that TKA patients can successfully be classified and display significant(More)
The selection of an appropriate and/or standardized method for representing 3-D joint attitude and motion is a topic of popular debate in the field of biomechanics. The joint coordinate system (JCS) is one method that has seen considerable use in the literature. The JCS consists of an axis fixed in the proximal segment, an axis fixed in the distal segment,(More)
Assessments of scoliosis are routinely done by means of clinical examination and full spinal x-rays. Multiple exposure to ionization radiation, however, can be hazardous to the child and is costly. Here, we explain the use of a noninvasive imaging technique, based on laser optical scanning, for quantifying the three-dimensional (3D) trunk surface topography(More)
BACKGROUND Whether knee laxity varies throughout the menstrual cycle remains controversial. As increased laxity may be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, further research is warranted. HYPOTHESIS Variation in estradiol and progesterone levels during the menstrual cycle influences knee laxity and stiffness. STUDY DESIGN Case(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) progression is clinically monitored by a series of full spinal X-rays. To decrease radiation exposure, an artificial progression surface (APS) is proposed to predict progression. Fifty-six acquisitions (posteroanterior radiographs, 0° and 20°) were obtained from 11 AIS patients (29.8 ± 9.6° Cobb angle).(More)