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Musculoskeletal simulations of human movement commonly use Hill muscle models to predict muscle forces, but their sensitivity to model parameter values is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle model sensitivity to perturbations in 14 Hill muscle model parameters in forward dynamic simulations of running and walking by varying(More)
This study aimed to estimate the reliability of 3-D trunk surface measurements for the characterization of external asymmetry associated with scoliosis. Repeated trunk surface acquisitions using the Inspeck system (Inspeck Inc., Montreal, Canada), with two different postures A (anatomical position) and B (''clavicle'' position), were obtained from patients(More)
Dynamic knee joint function requires coordinated multi-muscle activation patterns (MMP) that may be adversely affected by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study identified MMP changes in post-operative female TKA patients using a Support Vector Machine (SVM). It was hypothesised that TKA patients can successfully be classified and display significant(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) progression is clinically monitored by a series of full spinal X-rays. To decrease radiation exposure, an artificial progression surface (APS) is proposed to predict progression. Fifty-six acquisitions (posteroanterior radiographs, 0° and 20°) were obtained from 11 AIS patients (29.8 ± 9.6° Cobb angle).(More)
The ovine stifle joint is a promising model for the investigation of joint mechanobiology in both normal and pathological states. The objectives of this study were to characterize three-dimensional (3D) joint motion in the intact ovine stifle joint during walking, incline walking, and trotting; to determine the range of variability in normal joint motion(More)
Although alterations in knee joint loading resulting from injury have been shown to influence the development of osteoarthritis, actual in vivo loading conditions of the joint remain unknown. A method for determining in vivo ligament loads by reproducing joint specific in vivo kinematics using a robotic testing apparatus is described. The in vivo kinematics(More)
Tendon orientations in knee models are often taken from cadaver studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of muscle activation on tendon orientation in vivo. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of the knee were made during relaxation and isometric knee extensions and flexions with 0 degrees , 15 degrees and 30 degrees of knee joint(More)
OBJECTIVE To aid in detection of osteoarthritis (OA) progression in serial magnetic resonance (MR) scans, we assessed feasibility and accuracy of rapid 3D image registration of the tibial plateau in normal and arthritic subjects, and inter-scan reliability of semi-automated cartilage volume measurement from these images. DESIGN Two T1 fat-suppressed knee(More)
Many common activities such as walking in a shopping mall, moving in a busy subway station, or even avoiding opponents during sports, all require different levels of navigational skills. Obstacle circumvention is beginning to be understood across age groups, but studying trained athletes with greater levels of motor ability will further our understanding of(More)