Janet L. Ronsky

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The selection of an appropriate and/or standardized method for representing 3-D joint attitude and motion is a topic of popular debate in the field of biomechanics. The joint coordinate system (JCS) is one method that has seen considerable use in the literature. The JCS consists of an axis fixed in the proximal segment, an axis fixed in the distal segment,(More)
Musculoskeletal simulations of human movement commonly use Hill muscle models to predict muscle forces, but their sensitivity to model parameter values is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle model sensitivity to perturbations in 14 Hill muscle model parameters in forward dynamic simulations of running and walking by varying(More)
Knee joint laxity can result from soft tissue injury, such as a ligament tear, or from genetic factors such as joint hypermobility syndrome and various forms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The location of a subject's passive knee laxity along a continuous spectrum is dependent on the mechanical properties of the existing structures, and the increased motion(More)
BACKGROUND It has been speculated that the hormonal cycle may be correlated with higher incidence of ACL injury in female athletes, but results have been very contradictory. HYPOTHESIS Knee joint loads are influenced by knee joint laxity (KJL) during the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. METHODS Serum samples and KJL were(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of combined transection of the anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments on the intact and healing ligaments in the ovine stifle joint. In vivo 3D stifle joint kinematics were measured in eight sheep during treadmill walking (accuracy: 0.4+/-0.4mm, 0.4+/-0.4 degrees ). Kinematics were measured(More)
This study aimed to estimate the reliability of 3-D trunk surface measurements for the characterization of external asymmetry associated with scoliosis. Repeated trunk surface acquisitions using the Inspeck system (Inspeck Inc., Montreal, Canada), with two different postures A (anatomical position) and B (‘‘clavicle’’ position), were obtained from patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop indices that quantify 360 degrees torso surface asymmetry sufficiently well to estimate the Cobb angle of scoliotic spinal deformity within the clinically important 5-10 degrees range. DESIGN Prospective study in 48 consecutive adolescent scoliosis patients (Cobb angles 10-71 degrees ). BACKGROUND Scoliotic surface asymmetry has(More)
Tendon orientations in knee models are often taken from cadaver studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of muscle activation on tendon orientation in vivo. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of the knee were made during relaxation and isometric knee extensions and flexions with 0 degrees , 15 degrees and 30 degrees of knee joint(More)
The articular contact surfaces in human and animal joints are highly variable. Articular cartilage thickness and the material properties of the cartilage vary as a function of location in the joint and may also change in the pathologic state. In order to study practical joint contact problems, we extended the model for the contact of two biphasic cartilage(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in knee laxity during the menstrual cycle may increase the risk of anterior cruciate ligament injury. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether changing knee laxity during the menstrual cycle correlates with changing knee joint loads in a cutting manoeuvre. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Laboratory testing. PARTICIPANTS 25(More)