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Musculoskeletal simulations of human movement commonly use Hill muscle models to predict muscle forces, but their sensitivity to model parameter values is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate muscle model sensitivity to perturbations in 14 Hill muscle model parameters in forward dynamic simulations of running and walking by varying(More)
BACKGROUND It has been speculated that the hormonal cycle may be correlated with higher incidence of ACL injury in female athletes, but results have been very contradictory. HYPOTHESIS Knee joint loads are influenced by knee joint laxity (KJL) during the menstrual cycle. STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. METHODS Serum samples and KJL were(More)
This study aimed to estimate the reliability of 3-D trunk surface measurements for the characterization of external asymmetry associated with scoliosis. Repeated trunk surface acquisitions using the Inspeck system (Inspeck Inc., Montreal, Canada), with two different postures A (anatomical position) and B (''clavicle'' position), were obtained from patients(More)
Knee joint laxity can result from soft tissue injury, such as a ligament tear, or from genetic factors such as joint hypermobility syndrome and various forms of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. The location of a subject's passive knee laxity along a continuous spectrum is dependent on the mechanical properties of the existing structures, and the increased motion(More)
The articular contact surfaces in human and animal joints are highly variable. Articular cartilage thickness and the material properties of the cartilage vary as a function of location in the joint and may also change in the pathologic state. In order to study practical joint contact problems, we extended the model for the contact of two biphasic cartilage(More)
The objective of this study was to use an ovine stifle joint model to assess the impact of combined transection of the anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments on three-dimensional (3D) joint motion serially over 20 weeks after transection. In vivo 3D kinematics were measured in the right hind limb of eight sheep while walking on a treadmill(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the impact of combined transection of the anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligaments on the intact and healing ligaments in the ovine stifle joint. In vivo 3D stifle joint kinematics were measured in eight sheep during treadmill walking (accuracy: 0.4+/-0.4mm, 0.4+/-0.4 degrees ). Kinematics were measured(More)
The ovine stifle joint is a promising animal model for investigation of joint mechanobiology. A method for in vivo measurement of dynamic 3-D kinematics of the ovine stifle joint is described (accuracy: 0.36 +/- 0.39 mm). Inter-subject variability in kinematics is greater than both intra-subject and inter-session variability. For future studies in which(More)
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a disorder of the patellofemoral (PF) joint in which abnormal tracking is often cited as a factor in pain development. PF tracking is partially dependent on passive stabilizers (ex: PF geometry). Relations amongst PFPS, PF tracking, and contact mechanics are poorly understood. In-vivo investigation of passive PF joint(More)
Scoliosis severity, measured by the Cobb angle, was estimated by artificial neural network from indices of torso surface asymmetry using a genetic algorithm to select the optimal set of input torso indices. Estimates of the Cobb angle were accurate within 5 degrees in two-thirds, and within 10 degrees in six-sevenths, of a test set of 115 scans of 48(More)