Janet L. Paluh

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Mitotic segregation of chromosomes requires spindle pole functions for microtubule nucleation, minus end organization, and regulation of dynamics. gamma-Tubulin is essential for nucleation, and we now extend its role to these latter processes. We have characterized a mutation in gamma-tubulin that results in cold-sensitive mitotic arrest with an elongated(More)
Expression of the gene cpc-1 is required for cross-pathway-mediated regulation of amino acid-biosynthetic genes in Neurospora crassa. We have cloned cpc-1 and present an analysis of its structure and regulation. The cpc-1-encoded transcript contains three open reading frames, two of which are located in the 720-nucleotide leader segment preceding the cpc-1(More)
Bipolar spindle assembly is a critical control point for initiation of mitosis through nucleation and organization of spindle microtubules and is regulated by kinesin-like proteins. In fission yeast, the kinesin-14 Pkl1 binds the γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC) microtubule-organizing centre at spindle poles and can alter its structure and function. Here we(More)
Signaling pathways within the mitotic mechanism temporally orchestrate spindle assembly with chromosome capture and alignment, and then coordinate initiation of chromosome segregation with spindle breakdown and cytokinesis for reproductive success. Kinetochore localized Mad2p acts in the spindle assembly checkpoint pathway during prophase and prometaphase(More)
Bipolar spindle assembly is essential to genomic stability in dividing cells. Centrosomes or spindle pole bodies duplicated earlier at G(1)/S remain adjacent until triggered at mitotic onset to become bipolar. Pole reorientation is stabilized by microtubule interdigitation but mechanistic details for bipolarity remain incomplete. To investigate the(More)
CPCI, the principal regulatory protein required for cross-pathway control of amino acid biosynthetic genes in Neurospora crassa, contains a domain similar to the DNA-binding domain of GCN4, the corresponding general regulator in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We examined binding by CPC1 synthesized in vitro and by CPC1 present in N. crassa whole-cell extracts.(More)
The γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC) is a key part of microtubule-organizing centers (MTOCs) that control microtubule polarity, organization and dynamics in eukaryotes. Understanding regulatory mechanisms of γ-TuRC function is of fundamental importance, as this complex is central to many cellular processes, including chromosome segregation, fertility, neural(More)
During evolution of fungi, the separate tryptophan synthetase alpha and beta polypeptides of bacteria appear to have been fused in the order alpha-beta rather than the beta-alpha order that would be predicted from the order of the corresponding structural genes in all bacteria. We have fused the tryptophan synthetase polypeptides of Escherichia coli in both(More)
RNase MRP and RNase P ribonucleoproteins are structurally and functionally similar across a large evolutionary distance. To better characterize possible complex interrelationships between these two enzymes, we have employed the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Unlike Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. pombe is believed to harbour only one genetic locus(More)
Two small, multicopy, expression plasmids were constructed that permit convenient insertion of trpR, the structural gene for the trp repressor of Escherichia coli, with its natural ribosome binding site or adjacent to the ribosome binding site for the trp leader peptide. In these plasmids trpR is positioned between the strong regulated tac promoter and the(More)