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A specific radioimmunoassay has been established for a growth hormone-dependent insulinlike growth factor (IGF) binding protein (BP) from human plasma. Although the assay was directed against a 53-kD, acid-stable BP subunit, the main immunoreactive BP in the circulation had an apparent molecular mass of approximately 125 kD. Only higher primate species(More)
The alarm pheromone for many species of aphids, which causes dispersion in response to attack by predators or parasitoids, consists of the sesquiterpene (E)-beta-farnesene (Ebetaf). We used high levels of expression in Arabidopsis thaliana plants of an Ebetaf synthase gene cloned from Mentha x piperita to cause emission of pure Ebetaf. These plants elicited(More)
Benzoxazinoids (BXs), such as 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-2H-1,4-benzoxazin-3(4H)-one (DIMBOA), are secondary metabolites in grasses. The first step in BX biosynthesis converts indole-3-glycerol phosphate into indole. In maize (Zea mays), this reaction is catalyzed by either BENZOXAZINELESS1 (BX1) or INDOLE GLYCEROL PHOSPHATE LYASE (IGL). The Bx1 gene is under(More)
Air entrainment samples of volatiles from panicles of intact wheat, Triticum aestivum, cultivar 'Lynx' were collected at the ear emergence/early anthesis growth stage. In an olfactometer bioassay, both freshly cut panicles and an air entrainment sample were found to attract female orange wheat blossom midge adults, Sitodiplosis mosellana. Coupled gas(More)
This study was undertaken to compare various extraction methods for insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) from insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) in rat serum systematically, before measurement of IGF-I by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The values obtained in the IGF-I RIA following acid-ethanol (AE), acid-ethanol cryoprecipitation (AEC) and(More)
Following exposure to radiation and chemotherapeutic agents, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) can modulate the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) by forming protein complexes that include the catalytic subunit of DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PKcs). This is one of the key mechanism by which tumors become resistant to DNA-damaging(More)
Serial human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) isolates were obtained from five individuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who changed therapy to 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) after at least 12 months of treatment with 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (zidovudine, AZT). The in vitro sensitivity to ddI decreased during the 12 months following ddI(More)
Binding proteins for the insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II) are increasingly being recognized as modulators of IGF actions in both inhibitory and stimulatory ways. At least three distinct classes of binding protein are thought to exist, differing in their primary structures and binding characteristics, although all are able to bind both IGF-I(More)
cis-jasmone, or (Z)-jasmone, is well known as a component of plant volatiles, and its release can be induced by damage, for example during insect herbivory. Using the olfactory system of the lettuce aphid to investigate volatiles from plants avoided by this insect, (Z)-jasmone was found to be electrophysiologically active and also to be repellent in(More)
Human neonatal fibroblasts in monolayer culture secrete insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs), which may modulate IGF action. To examine whether an increase in extracellular concentrations of IGFBPs in response to IGF-I is due to the release of cell-associated IGFBPs, we measured secreted and cell-associated IGFBP-3 immunologically in(More)