Janet L. Johnson

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BACKGROUND The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity underscores the need for evidence-based, easily disseminable interventions for weight management that can be delivered on a population basis. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) offers a promising theoretical framework for multiple behavior weight management interventions. METHODS Overweight or(More)
An estimated 60% of individuals prescribed lipid-lowering medications are nonadherent. Failure to adhere increases morbidity, mortality, healthcare utilization, and healthcare costs. This study examined the effectiveness of a population-based, individualized Transtheoretical Model (TTM) expert system intervention to improve adherence and increase exercise(More)
BACKGROUND This study reports on effectiveness trial outcomes of Health in Motion, a computer tailored multiple behavior intervention for adolescents. METHODS Using school as level of assignment, students (n=1800) from eight high schools in four states (RI, TN, MA, and NY) were stratified and randomly assigned to no treatment or a multi-media intervention(More)
In the transtheoretical model (TTM), the stage effect is one of the most important determinants of health behavior change. Randomly assigned to 1 of 11 treatment conditions were 4653 smokers. A total of 66 stage effects were possible with 6 for each of the 11 treatment groups. The results suggest that brief stage-matched interventions that help populations(More)
Stress has been associated with a variety of chronic and acute conditions and with higher use of health care services. This research reports on 18-month outcomes of a randomized clinical trial of a stress-management program based on the transtheoretical model (TTM; J. O. Prochaska & C. C. DiClemente, 1986). A national sample of 1,085 individuals(More)
BACKGROUND Early use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs threatens the physical and mental well-being of students and continued use negatively affects many areas of development. An internet-based, tailored intervention based on the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change was delivered to middle school students to reduce alcohol, tobacco, and other drug(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are both neurodegenerative disorders which share common pathological and biochemical features of the complement pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between well replicated AMD genetic risk factors and AD. A large cohort of AD (n = 3898) patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a presenteeism assessment, the Well-Being Assessment for Productivity (WBA-P), that provides an informative evaluation of job performance loss due to well-being related barriers. METHOD The WBA-P was developed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using survey data from 1827 employed individuals. Evidence of(More)
Blood pressure is not controlled in as many as 50%-75% of hypertensive patients, primarily because of inadequate adherence to treatment. This paper examines the efficacy of a Transtheoretical Model (TTM)-based expert system intervention designed to improve adherence with antihypertensives in a sample of 1,227 adults. Participants were proactively recruited(More)
This study assessed the applicability of two important components of the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM) to family consent for cadaveric organ donation. Men and women (N = 169), who consented or refused to donate the organs of a family member, completed a telephone survey reflecting the stage of change and decisional balance constructs.(More)