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The nucleotide sequences of either the hemagglutinin or nucleoprotein genes from wild type measles viruses isolated in the United States between 1989 and 1992 differed by < 0.5%. This suggests that the majority of viruses associated with resurgence of measles in the United States belonged to a single indigenous genotype. In contrast, wild type viruses(More)
Measles infection and the host immune response to measles virus was compared using naive and immunized rhesus monkeys. The monkeys were experimentally challenged with a wild-type strain of measles virus inoculated intranasally. After pathogenic virus challenge, measles virus was detected in mononuclear cells of peripheral blood, lymph node, and spleen in(More)
This study investigated the frequency of mild or asymptomatic measles infections among 44 persons exposed to a student with measles during a 3-day bus trip using two buses. Questionnaires and serum samples were obtained 26-37 days after the trip. All participants had detectable measles-neutralizing antibodies, and none developed classic measles symptoms.(More)
1. Experiments were conducted to study the welfare and meat quality effects of shackling. In experiment 1, broilers with or without leg problems were shackled (S) for 4 min on a moving line and blood sampled; or handled (H), returned to the crate and sampled after 4 min; or sampled immediately after removal from the crate (control, C). 2. Plasma(More)
To determine seroconversion rates with measles-mumps-rubella vaccine administered to children at 9, 12, or 15 months of age, we undertook a prospective randomized trial. Among children vaccinated at 15 months of age, 98% seroconverted to measles, compared with 95% of those vaccinated at 12 months of age and 87% of those vaccinated at 9 months of age. In(More)
We developed cloned populations from the commonly available, well-characterized cell line HUT-78. These cloned cells grow permanently after infection with isolates of human T-lymphotropic virus type III, also called lymphadenopathy virus (HTLV-III/LAV), from patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome and related syndromes. In contrast, activated(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the response to measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine among children with and without mild illness. DESIGN Prospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS A total of 386 children aged 15 to 23 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Seroconversion rates to measles, mumps, and rubella in ill and well children. SETTING Six public health immunization clinics(More)
The antigenic properties of vaccine and wild type strains of measles virus were compared. Serum specimens from vaccinated persons, persons infected during the prevaccine era, or mice experimentally vaccinated with the hemagglutinin (H) protein from vaccine virus neutralized vaccine virus and a wild type measles virus from 1989 equally well. In contrast,(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to evaluate the proportion of previously vaccinated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected children with detectable postvaccination measles antibody; to assess risk factors for vaccine failure; and to evaluate the response to reimmunization. METHODS A total of 81 perinatally HIV-infected children(More)
A recombinant baculovirus that expresses the nucleoprotein gene of measles virus (Edmonston vaccine strain) under the transcriptional control of the polyhedrin promoter was generated. The expressed protein (B-MVN) comigrated with the authentic viral nucleoprotein as observed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and it was(More)