Janet L Heath

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The nucleotide sequences of either the hemagglutinin or nucleoprotein genes from wild type measles viruses isolated in the United States between 1989 and 1992 differed by < 0.5%. This suggests that the majority of viruses associated with resurgence of measles in the United States belonged to a single indigenous genotype. In contrast, wild type viruses(More)
1. Experiments were conducted to study the welfare and meat quality effects of shackling. In experiment 1, broilers with or without leg problems were shackled (S) for 4 min on a moving line and blood sampled; or handled (H), returned to the crate and sampled after 4 min; or sampled immediately after removal from the crate (control, C). 2. Plasma(More)
Experiments were conducted to determine 1) whether different crating durations influence stress responses and meat quality in broilers, and 2) whether holding crated broilers after transport influences corticosterone (CORT) levels and meat quality. In a preliminary experiment, male broilers (n = 50) were held in crates (10 birds per crate) for either 0, 1,(More)
Only limited data are available on the impact of measles outbreak response immunization (ORI) in developing countries. We conducted a community survey in Espindola, a rural border community in northern Peru, following a measles outbreak and subsequent ORI to study the epidemiology and impact of the outbreak and to evaluate the costs and benefits of measles(More)
The use of IgM antibody detection for the classification of the primary and secondary measles antibody response in persons following primary and secondary vaccination and natural measles virus infection was examined. Of 32 nonimmune children receiving primary measles vaccination, 31 (97%) developed IgM antibodies, consistent with a primary antibody(More)
The antigenic properties of vaccine and wild type strains of measles virus were compared. Serum specimens from vaccinated persons, persons infected during the prevaccine era, or mice experimentally vaccinated with the hemagglutinin (H) protein from vaccine virus neutralized vaccine virus and a wild type measles virus from 1989 equally well. In contrast,(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of this study were to evaluate the proportion of previously vaccinated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected children with detectable postvaccination measles antibody; to assess risk factors for vaccine failure; and to evaluate the response to reimmunization. METHODS A total of 81 perinatally HIV-infected children(More)
To determine seroconversion rates with measles-mumps-rubella vaccine administered to children at 9, 12, or 15 months of age, we undertook a prospective randomized trial. Among children vaccinated at 15 months of age, 98% seroconverted to measles, compared with 95% of those vaccinated at 12 months of age and 87% of those vaccinated at 9 months of age. In(More)
The optimal timing for collection of a single serum specimen to diagnose measles by using a monoclonal antibody-capture EIA was evaluated. Results of testing paired serum samples from 166 measles cases with at least 1 IgM-positive specimen were analyzed. Among persons whose second samples were IgM-positive, the seropositivity rate for first samples was 77%(More)
A recombinant baculovirus that expresses the nucleoprotein gene of measles virus (Edmonston vaccine strain) under the transcriptional control of the polyhedrin promoter was generated. The expressed protein (B-MVN) comigrated with the authentic viral nucleoprotein as observed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and it was(More)