Janet L Demayo

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Knockout mouse technology has been used over the last decade to define the essential roles of ovarian-expressed genes and uncover genetic interactions. In particular, we have used this technology to study the function of multiple members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily including inhibins, activins, and growth differentiation factor 9(More)
The ovulatory process is tightly regulated by endocrine as well as paracrine factors. In the periovulatory period, extensive remodeling of the follicle wall occurs to allow the extrusion of the oocyte and accompanying cumulus granulosa cells. Growth differentiation factor-9 (GDF-9) and bone morphogenetic protein-15 (BMP-15) are secreted members of the(More)
The transcription factor achaete-scute homologue-1 (ASH1) is essential for neural differentiation during fetal development and is a cardinal feature of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors such as small cell lung cancer. To explore the potential of ASH1 to promote NE differentiation and tumorigenesis in the lung, we constitutively expressed the factor in nonendocrine(More)
One approach to gene therapy for hepatic diseases is to remove hepatocytes from an affected individual, genetically alter them in vitro, and reimplant them into a receptive locus. Although returning hepatocytes to the liver itself would be advantageous, the feasibility of this approach has never been evaluated due to the inability to distinguish donor from(More)
The hepatitis B virus X protein acts as a transcriptional transactivator in vitro. To elucidate possible biological effects of X protein on liver cells in vivo, we generated four lines of transgenic mice carrying the X gene open reading frame under the control of the human alpha-1-antitrypsin regulatory region. The plasmid construct used to introduce the(More)
Human phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) catalyzes the conversion of L-phenylalanine to L-tyrosine. Deficiency of this enzyme results in phenylketonuria, a common genetic disorder of amino acid metabolism that causes severe mental retardation. In primates, PAH is expressed specifically in the liver, while in rodents PAH activity is also present in kidney,(More)
alpha-1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is the major antiprotease in human plasma; it is synthesized primarily in hepatocytes and to a lesser extent in several nonhepatic tissues. Under the control of regulatory elements of the human AAT gene, expression of SV40-large tumor antigen (T-ag) in transgenic mice occurred in the liver, stomach, pancreas, and kidney. Among(More)
The transcription factor achaete-scute homologue-1 (ASH1) is essential for neural differentiation during fetal development and is a cardinal feature of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors such as small cell lung cancer. To explore the potential of ASH1 to promote NE differentiation and tumorigenesis in the lung, we constitutively expressed the factor in nonendocrine(More)
The 5'-flanking sequence of the human alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) gene contains multiple cis-regulatory elements, including a distal enhancer and proximal sequences essential for its transcription in cultured hepatoma cells. To understand better the promoter specificity of the AAT gene in vivo, transgenic mice harboring the AAT-SV40 hybrid promoter or the(More)
The generation of transgenic mice by DNA microinjection is a powerful tool to investigate the molecular regulation of gene expression, development, and disease. The power of this technology is that foreign DNA can be introduced into every cell of a developing organism and the phenotypic impact of this genetic modification can be investigated in a system(More)
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