Janet K. Epp

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The autoradiographic identification of unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) in primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes (HPC) has been proposed as a predictive test for mutagens/carcinogens. To assess the predictive value of this test, results in the hepatocyte UDS assay were compared with data for bacterial mutagenicity using a modified Ames test. Over 200(More)
Single-round polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and pepsin-trypsin digest (PTD) methods were compared for the detection of Myxobolus cerebralis. Parallel tests were conducted on a total of 1743 free-ranging and 400 hatchery-reared salmonids. Concurrent results were found in 84.6% of the free-ranging fish samples, and 83.5% of the hatchery samples. PCR(More)
A group of 45 monosubstituted aniline compounds was tested for the induction of point mutations in Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli as well as for unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) in rat hepatocyte culture. Eleven compounds were bacterial mutagens, and five compounds induced UDS. Among these a correspondence between mutagenicity and UDS occurred(More)
The structurally related macrolide antibiotics carbomycin (Cb) and spiramycin (Sp) are produced by Streptomyces thermotolerans and Streptomyces ambofaciens, respectively. Both antibiotics contain 16-membered lactone rings to which deoxysugars are attached. There are three sugars in Sp (forosamine, mycaminose and mycarose) and two sugars in Cb (mycaminose(More)
Two plasmids (pOJ158 and pOJ159) containing DNA fragments from the carbomycin(Cb)-producing strain Streptomyces thermotolerans were identified in Streptomyces griseofuscus based on their ability to confer resistance to Cb. The Cb-resistance determinants on pOJ158 and pOJ159 were designated carA and carB, respectively. In S. griseofuscus, pOJ159 also confers(More)
Clinically isolated strains of Staphylococcus aureus that are inducibly resistant to both erythromycin and penicillin were susceptible to a combination of the two antibiotics. The synergistic effect of the combination results from an inhibition of penicillinase induction by erythromycin, sparing penicillin and allowing this drug to inhibit growth. When(More)
A recombinant 130 kDa dihemoglobin which is made up of a single-chain tetra-α globin and four β globins has been expressed as a soluble protein in E. coli. The sequence of the single chain tetra-α is: αI-Gly-αII-(SerGlyGly)5Ser-αIII-Gly-αIV. This dihemoglobin has been purified and characterized in vitro by size exclusion chromatography, electrospray mass(More)
Elucidating the dynamics of a parasitic infection requiring two hosts in a natural ecosystem can be a daunting task. Myxobolus cerebralis (Mc), the myxozoan parasite that causes whirling disease in some salmonids, was detected in the Colorado River upstream of Windy Gap Reservoir (WGR) in 1988. Subsequently, whirling disease was implicated in the decline of(More)
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