Janet Hoogstraate

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The effects of xenobiotic drugs and toxic compounds depend largely on their kinetic properties, which can be influenced by transmembrane drug transporters like MDR1/P-glycoprotein and the drug-conjugate transporters multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 1 and 2. As the dog is a preferential species used in the pharmacological and toxicological evaluation of(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize the rat jejunal passive transport and the possible active efflux of three local anaesthetics, ropivacaine, lidocaine and bupivacaine using two different absorption models, the in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion and the in vitro Ussing chamber model, as well as P-glycoprotein (Pgp)-mediated calcein(More)
The cytochrome P450 3A4 enzyme and the ABC-transporters may affect the first-pass extraction and bioavailability of drugs and metabolites. Conflicting reports can be found in the literature on the expression levels of efflux transporters in human intestine and how they vary along the intestine. The relative levels of mRNA and protein of CYP3A4 and the ABC(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of oral hygiene on pneumonia and respiratory tract infection, focusing on elderly people in hospitals and nursing homes, by systematically reviewing effect estimates and methodological quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and to provide an overview of additional clinical studies(More)
Drug transporter inhibitors are important tools to elucidate the contribution of transporters to drug disposition both in vitro and in vivo. These inhibitors are often unselective and affect several transporters as well as drug metabolizing enzymes, which can make experimental results difficult to interpret with confidence. We therefore tested 14 commonly(More)
AIM To develop a fast fluorometric screening assay based on vincristine resistant Caco-2 cells (Caco-2VCR) in order to elucidate potential P-glycoprotein (Pgp) interactions of compounds, and to characterise Caco-2VCR cells with regard to their expression of the efflux transporters Pgp, MRP1 and MRP2. METHODS We applied the Caco-2VCR cells to a 96-well(More)
We compare three different approaches to scale clearance (CL) from human hepatocyte and microsome CL(int) (intrinsic CL) for 52 drug compounds. By using the well-stirred model with protein binding included only 11% and 30% of the compounds were predicted within 2-fold and the average absolute fold errors (AAFE) for the predictions were 5.9 and 4.1 for(More)
The major aim of this study was to investigate the CYP3A4 metabolism and polarized transport of ropivacaine and its metabolite 2',6'-pipecoloxylidide (PPX) in tissue specimens from the human small and large intestine. Ropivacaine has been shown to be effective in the treatment of ulcerative colitis in human colon. This study was conducted using a modified(More)
1. We compared the intrinsic clearance (CL(int)) of a number of substrates in suspensions of fresh and cryopreserved human hepatocytes from seven donors. 2. CL(int) values for a cocktail incubation of phenacetin, diclofenac, diazepam, bufuralol, midazolam, and hydroxycoumarin were 4.9 +/- 3.4, 18 +/- 7.2, 5.1 +/- 4.9, 6.3 +/- 3.3, 9.8 +/- 5.8 and 22 +/- 14(More)
AZD3582 [4-(nitrooxy)-butyl-(2S)-2-(6-methoxy-2-naphthyl)-propanoate] is a COX-inhibiting nitric oxide donator (CINOD). Incubation of human endothelial cells (derived from umbilical cord) with AZD3582 (10-100muM) led to increased expression of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 mRNA and protein. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a crucial mediator of antioxidant and(More)