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The role of the MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) in Ag presentation by astrocytes and susceptibility to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) was examined using CIITA-deficient mice and newly created transgenic mice that used the glial fibrillary acidic protein promoter to target CIITA expression in astrocytes. CIITA was required for class II(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II transactivator (CIITA) is the master regulatory factor required for appropriate expression of class II MHC genes. Understanding the expression of CIITA is key to understanding the regulation of class II MHC genes. This report describes the independent regulation of two distinct CIITA promoters by cytokines(More)
Although activated human T cells express MHC class II antigens, the regulation of these antigens in T cells is poorly understood. This study focuses on the control of the MHC2TA gene in these cells. MHC2TA encodes the transcriptional master regulator of MHC class II, the class II trans-activator (CIITA). It has at least three distinct promoters (PI, PIII,(More)
IgA is transported into external secretions by the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR). Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), a major regulator of pIgR expression, has been shown to increase pIgR mRNA levels in HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells. To determine the molecular mechanisms of pIgR regulation, genomic DNA containing the 5'-flanking region of the human pIgR gene(More)
Transcytosis of polymeric Ig (pIg) by mucosal epithelial cells is mediated by the polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR). Here we describe the characterization of a 3095-bp mouse pIgR cDNA, which encodes a protein of 771 amino acids. Northern blot analysis detected a single mouse pIgR transcript of 3.9 kb, expressed at high levels in small intestine and liver, and at(More)
Transport of secretory IgA into external fluids is mediated by the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) on the surface of mucosal epithelial cells. We studied the mechanism by which interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) induces pIgR expression in HT-29.74 cells, a subclone of the HT-29 cell line selected for high concns of pIgR. Here we report the isolation of(More)
Class II transactivator (CIITA) is a master regulator required for constitutive and IFN-gamma-inducible expression of class II MHC genes. Although the role of CIITA is greatly appreciated, the mechanisms underlying constitutive and IFN-gamma-induced expression of CIITA are not understood. The study of CIITA induction is extremely important, but has been(More)
In melanoma cell lines, two different patterns of MHC class II expression have been described, either an IFN gamma-inducible expression of HLA-DR and HLA-DP, with a faint or null expression of HLA-DQ, resembling that described for melanocytes, or a constitutive expression, i.e., IFN-gamma independent, of all three HLA-D isotypes. As this latter phenotype(More)
Class II transactivator (CIITA), a coactivator required for class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) transcription, is expressed in B cells but extinguished in plasma cells. This report identifies B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein I (BLIMP-I), a transcriptional repressor that is capable of triggering plasma cell differentiation, as a(More)