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OBJECTIVE Estrogen therapy (ET) seems to differentially effect cognitive processes in younger versus older postmenopausal women, suggesting a window of opportunity when ET is most beneficial. Cognitive improvement in younger postmenopausal women has been attributed to ET's influence on hot flushes and sleep, but empiric examination of the mediating role of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this article is to summarize the recommended updates to the 2001 Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop (STRAW) criteria. The 2011 STRAW + 10 reviewed advances in understanding of the critical changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian function that occur before and after the final menstrual period. METHODS Scientists from five(More)
The X-ray repair cross complementing 1 (XRCC1) protein is required for viability and efficient repair of DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) in rodents. XRCC1-deficient mouse or hamster cells are hypersensitive to DNA damaging agents generating SSBs and display genetic instability after such DNA damage. The presence of certain polymorphisms in the human XRCC1(More)
The role of genes coding for xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (XMEs) and the risk of lung cancer is unclear. Under the assumption that these genes may be more important among people having a diagnosis of lung cancer at younger ages, we have investigated the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within phase I and phase II XME genes, and also genes(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if increased psychosocial risks are associated with each increase in birth multiplicity (i.e., singleton, twin, triplet) resulting from assisted reproduction. DESIGN Stratified random sample (n = 249). SETTING An academic teaching hospital and private practice infertility center. PATIENT(S) Mothers raising 1- to 4-year-old(More)
Genetic variations in DNA repair genes are thought to modulate DNA repair capacity and are suggested to be related to cancer risk. However, epidemiologic findings have been inconsistent. The authors conducted meta-analyses of associations between genes in the base excision repair pathway and cancer risk, focusing on three key genes: 8-oxoguanine DNA(More)
The hOGG1 gene encodes the DNA glycosylase that removes the mutagenic lesion 7,8-dihyro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) from DNA. A frequently found polymorphism resulting in a serine to cysteine substitution at position 326 of the OGG1 protein has been associated in several molecular epidemiologic studies with cancer development. To investigate whether the variant(More)
Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) due to defects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and/or action is a developmental disorder of sexual maturation. To date, several single-gene defects have been implicated in the pathogenesis of IHH. However, significant inter- and intrafamilial variability and apparent incomplete penetrance in(More)
CHEK2 is a key cell cycle control gene encoding a pluripotent kinase that can cause arrest or apoptosis in response to unrepaired DNA damage. We report a large case-control study of a non-functional variant that had previously been expected to increase cancer rates. Four thousand and fifteen cancer patients (2250 lung, 811 squamous upper aero-digestive and(More)
The tumor suppressor gene TP53, encoding p53, is expressed as several transcripts. The fully spliced p53 (FSp53) transcript encodes the canonical p53 protein. The alternatively spliced p53I2 transcript retains intron 2 and encodes Δ40p53 (or ΔNp53), an isoform lacking first 39 N-terminal residues corresponding to the main transactivation domain. We(More)