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To investigate molecular mechanisms controlling plant morphogenesis, we examined the morphology of primary roots of Arabidopsis thaliana and the organization of cortical microtubules in response to inhibitors of serine/threonine protein phosphatases and kinases. We found that cantharidin, an inhibitor of types 1 and 2A protein phosphatases, as previously(More)
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is the most common human pathogen for viral myocarditis. We have previously shown that the signaling protein p21(ras) GTPase-activating protein (RasGAP) is cleaved and that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1/2 are activated in the late phase of CVB3 infection. However, the role of intracellular signaling pathways in(More)
The distribution of beta-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase, EC in the developing rat cerebellum has been determined using a histochemical method. Staining of Purkinje cells, particularly the soma, was seen at all ages examined. Intense staining of the proximal portions of Purkinje dendrites was noted at 8-11 days(More)
Trypsinization of coronal sections of rat brain, followed by incubation with the chelating agent, ethyleneglycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA), results in selective release of ciliated cuboidal ependymal cells which may be further purified by centrifugal methods. The isolated cells are motile, viable, and exhibit ultrastructure(More)
A study was made of [3H]glycine uptake sites in a preparation greatly enriched in large pieces of the cerebellar glomeruli (glomerulus particles) and in morphologically well preserved slices of rat cerebellum. Electron microscopic autoradiography revealed that of the neurones in the cerebellar cortex only Golgi cells transported [3H]glycine at the low(More)
Calcium ion alone or in the presence of added calmodulin stimulated in vitro transfer of 32P from [gamma 32P]ATP into several proteins of mitochondrial and synaptosomal particulate fractions from rat brain. Strontium ion was capable of substituting for calcium ion in this stimulation, but barium ion lacked this capacity. These results bring into question(More)
Brain hexokinase (ATP:D-hexose 6-phosphotransferase, EC levels in seven regions of rat brain were estimated by photometric measurement of immunofluorescence in cryostat-cut sections. When compared with basal rates of glucose metabolism in these regions, estimated by the 6-[14C]glucose method, a significant correlation was observed. Thus, hexokinase(More)
The levels of hexokinase, as well as those of the cytoplasmic glycolytic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase and the mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes fumarase and citrate synthase, have been determined in whole rat brain and in neuronal, astrocytic, and oligodendroglial fractions isolated from rat brain. Compared with either whole brain or with(More)