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Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), an enterovirus in the family Picornaviridae, induces cytopathic changes in cell culture systems and directly injures multiple susceptible organs and tissues in vivo, including the myocardium, early after infection. Biochemical analysis of the cell death pathway in CVB3-infected HeLa cells demonstrated that the 32-kDa proform of(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) helicase catalyzes the ATP-dependent strand separation of duplex RNA and DNA containing a 3' single-stranded tail. Equilibrium and velocity sedimentation centrifugation experiments demonstrated that the enzyme was monomeric in the presence of DNA and ATP analogues. Steady-state and pre-steady-state kinetics for helicase activity were(More)
Mutations in ABCA1 cause the allelic disorders familial hypolipoproteinemia and Tangier Disease. To identify where ABCA1 was likely to have a functional role, we determined the cellular and tissue-specific patterns of murine ABCA1 expression. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis on dissected murine tissues demonstrated broad expression of ABCA1 mRNA and protein(More)
Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is the most common human pathogen for viral myocarditis. We have previously shown that the signaling protein p21(ras) GTPase-activating protein (RasGAP) is cleaved and that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1/2 are activated in the late phase of CVB3 infection. However, the role of intracellular signaling pathways in(More)
In vitro replication of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) in cells of the immune system derived from uninfected adolescent A/J and C57BL/6J mice and replication of CVB3 in and association with immune cells from spleens of infected animals in vivo were assessed. Nonstimulated or mitogen-stimulated spleen cells were minimally permissive for viral replication during an(More)
Transplant arteriopathy is a major late complication in human heart allograft recipients and the pathogenesis of such arteriopathy remains uncertain. The degree to which lipids and atheromata are involved in the arteriopathic lesions remains unsettled, and there is uncertainty regarding the significance of insudation or retention of lipids within the(More)
The lengthy 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) forms a highly ordered secondary structure, which plays an important role in controlling viral transcription and translation. Our previous work has delineated the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) by mutation of mono- and bicistronic plasmids containing the 5'UTR and subsequent cell-(More)
The respiratory effect of di-methadone administered subcutaneously was examined in awake, unsedated female Labrador retrievers in which a chronic tracheostomy had been established. Respiratory depression was determined from the change in ventilatory response to carbon dioxide. Two methods for assessing the response were evaluated and compared, namely the(More)
Our previous studies using differential mRNA display have shown that interferon-gamma-inducible GTPase (IGTP), was up-regulated in coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3)-infected mouse hearts. In order to explore the effect of IGTP expression on CVB3-induced pathogenesis, we have established a doxycycline-inducible Tet-On HeLa cell line overexpressing IGTP and have(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate paramedics' ability to identify elderly at risk and refer them for assessment and service. DESIGN A prospective nonrandomized open trial. SETTING Akron, Ohio, a midsize city with a well-developed advanced life support emergency medical services system. TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS One hundred thirty firefighter paramedics evaluated(More)