Janet E. Shansky

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Intermittent repetitive mechanical stimulation of differentiated avian skeletal muscle cells in vitro for 48 h stimulates skeletal muscle growth [Am. J. Physiol. 256 (Cell Physiol. 25): C674-C682, 1989]. During the first 2-3 h of stimulation, temporary muscle damage occurs based on increases in creatine kinase efflux, total protein degradation rates, and(More)
Space travel causes rapid and pronounced skeletal muscle wasting in humans that reduces their long-term flight capabilities. To develop effective countermeasures, the basis of this atrophy needs to be better understood. Space travel may cause muscle atrophy indirectly by altering circulating levels of factors such as growth hormone, glucocorticoids, and(More)
A tissue-based approach to in vitro drug screening allows for determination of the cumulative positive and negative effects of a drug at the tissue rather than the cellular or subcellular level. Skeletal muscle myoblasts were tissue-engineered into three-dimensional muscle with parallel myofibers generating directed forces. When grown attached to two(More)
Genetically modified murine skeletal myoblasts were tissue engineered in vitro into organ-like structures (organoids) containing only postmitotic myofibers secreting pharmacological levels of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH). Subcutaneous organoid implantation under tension led to the rapid and stable appearance of physiological sera levels of rhGH(More)
Testosterone (T) supplementation increases skeletal muscle mass, circulating GH, IGF-I, and im IGF-I expression, but the role of GH and IGF-I in mediating T's effects on the skeletal muscle remains poorly understood. Here, we show that T administration increased body weight and the mass of the androgen-dependent levator ani muscle in hypophysectomized as(More)
Skeletal muscle transplantation strategies for muscle repair or gene therapy involve either the injection of proliferating myoblasts followed by fusion with host myofibers or implantation of ex vivo differentiated myofibers; however, both implant procedures are associated with significant cell loss. Biodegradable porous, gas-foamed poly-lactide-co-glycolide(More)
Adherent cultures of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were subjected to progressive, unidirectional lengthening for 2-4 days in serum-containing medium. This mechanical stretch (25% increase in initial length each day) simulates the eccentric mechanical load placed on in vivo heart cells by increases in postnatal blood pressure and volume. The in vitro(More)
Avian pectoralis muscle cells differentiated in vitro are mechanically stimulated by repetitive stretch-relaxations of the cell's substratum. Their metabolic response to mechanical activity is determined by measuring rates of [3H]deoxy-D-glucose uptake and lactate efflux. These two metabolic parameters show a similar biphasic response to mechanical(More)
The successful use of transplanted cells and/or growth factors for tissue repair is limited by a significant cell loss and/or rapid growth factor diffusion soon after implantation. Highly porous alginate scaffolds formed with covalent crosslinking have been used to improve cell survival and growth factor release kinetics, but require open-wound surgical(More)
Human muscle progenitor cells transduced with lentiviral vectors secreted high levels of blood clotting factor IX (FIX). When bioengineered into postmitotic myofibers as human bioartificial muscles (HBAMs) and subcutaneously implanted into immunodeficient mice, they secreted FIX into the circulation for >3 months. The HBAM-derived FIX was biologically(More)