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BACKGROUND By the time patients are diagnosed with ovarian carcinoma, peritoneal dissemination of the tumor often has occurred. The progressive growth and spread of ovarian carcinoma depend, in part, on the formation of an adequate blood supply. We determined whether the expression of genes that regulate distinct steps in angiogenesis (i.e., the formation(More)
Amplification or overexpression of c-erbB-2/neu protooncogene, or both, occur frequently in many different types of human cancers and have been shown to correlate with decreased survival in ovarian cancer patients. We have previously found that the ovarian carcinoma cell line SK-OV-3 overexpresses c-erbB-2/neu mRNA. To further study the biological effect of(More)
PURPOSE The chemokine receptors CCR7 and CXCR4 have been shown to play an important role in cancer metastasis. We therefore studied the differential expression of CCR7 and CXCR4, along with that of the biomarker HER2-neu, to evaluate whether these biomarkers could predict axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Biomarker(More)
A model has been developed for studying the capability of cells from primary murine mammary tumours to establish colonies in distant organs. The model involves the i.v. inoculation of disaggregated tumour cells into autologous and syngeneic recipients. The results show that the metastatic colonization potential of cells from a given tumour is consistent(More)
PURPOSE Bone is a common site for breast cancer metastasis. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and PDGF receptors (PDGFR) are involved in the regulation of bone resorption. This study examined the effects of STI571 (imatinib mesylate), which inhibits PDGFR tyrosine kinase signaling, on the growth of human breast cancer cells in the bone of nude mice with(More)
There are few reports describing experimental models of the growth and metastasis of human breast carcinomas. This article discusses the tumorigenic and metastatic properties of two estrogen receptor-negative breast carcinomas injected into nude mice. Tumor growth in the mammary fatpad (m.f.p.) and the subcutis was compared in female nude mice. The(More)
Trastuzumab shows remarkable efficacy in treatment of ErbB2-positive breast cancers when used alone or in combination with other chemotherapeutics. However, acquired resistance develops in most treated patients, necessitating alternate treatment strategies. Increased aerobic glycolysis is a hallmark of cancer and inhibition of glycolysis may offer a(More)
Apoptosis induced by Fas (CD95) ligation is frequently lost during tumor progression; however, there is no direct evidence to support an association of Fas loss-of-function with metastatic tumor behavior. To determine whether Fas loss-of-function is critical for acquisition of the metastatic phenotype, we have compared the ability of Fas-sensitive K1735(More)
We have examined the effect of synthetic low molecular weight glycoamine analogues on the metastasis of MDA-MB-435 human breast carcinoma xenografts growing in the mammary fat pads of nude mice. Initial in vitro screening of a panel of synthetic glycoamines was performed using a clonogenic growth assay in 0.9% agarose. Eight of nine compounds manifested a(More)