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Vagal tone (measured via respiratory sinus arrhythmia, RSA) and vagal withdrawal (measured by decreases in RSA) have been identified as physiological measures of self-regulation, but little is known how they may relate to the regulation of cognitive activity as measured through executive function (EF) tasks. We expected that baseline measures of vagal tone,(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC), the most common oral infection in human immunodeficiency virus-positive persons, correlates with reduced blood CD4+ T cells. In those with OPC, CD8+ T cells accumulate at the lamina propria-epithelium interface at a distance from the organism at the outer epithelium. The present study aimed to characterize the(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC), caused by Candida albicans, is the most frequent opportunistic fungal infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons. Although Th1-type CD4(+) T cells are considered important for host defense against mucosal C. albicans infections, there is a paucity of information regarding the presence and/or role of T(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC), caused by Candida albicans, is the most common infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons. Although CD4(+) T cells are considered to be important for host defense against C. albicans at the oral mucosa, a recent immunohistochemical evaluation of T cells in OPC lesions of HIV-positive persons with(More)
A total of 401 eligible patients with resected stages B and C colorectal carcinoma were randomly assigned to no-further therapy or to adjuvant treatment with either levamisole alone, 150 mg/d for 3 days every 2 weeks for 1 year, or levamisole plus fluorouracil (5-FU), 450 mg/m2/d intravenously (IV) for 5 days and beginning at 28 days, 450 mg/m2 weekly for 1(More)
BACKGROUND Pemphigus vulgaris, or PV, is a potentially life-threatening illness that manifests itself initially in the mouth in the majority of patients. Paradoxically, it is less commonly recognized when it involves lesions on the oral mucosa rather than on the skin. CASE DESCRIPTION This article describes the clinical presentation of 42 cases of oral PV(More)
The possibility of increases in both oral and anogenital pathologic conditions due to human papillomavirus (HPV) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is of concern and is the focus of numerous current research studies. HIV-infected women are at higher risk for cervical HPV detection, for infection with high-oncogenic-risk types(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is a common oral opportunistic infection among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals. Although most cases of OPC correlate with reduced systemic levels of CD4(+) T cells, the role of humoral immunity in protection against mucosal candidiasis, including OPC, remains questionable. In the present study, a(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC), as opposed to vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), is a common opportunistic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons that correlates with reduced CD4 T cell counts. Although cell-mediated immunity (CMI) by CD4 Th1-type cells is considered to be the predominant host defense against mucosal candidiasis, the(More)
Oral opportunistic infections in the HIV-positive individual have been documented since the first reports of the epidemic, with many lesions associated with reduced CD4(+) T lymphocyte cell count. The most common oral lesions seen in HIV disease prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were oropharyngeal candidiasis and oral hairy(More)