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BACKGROUND It has been recognised that adoption of self-management skills by the person with diabetes is necessary in order to manage their diabetes. However, the most effective method for delivering education and teaching self-management skills is unclear. OBJECTIVES To assess the effects of group-based, patient-centred training on clinical, lifestyle(More)
The associations between levels of nutrients derived from a 24-hour diet record and a food frequency questionnaire were assessed in a sample of 433 men and women. The food frequency questionnaire was administered three years after the completion of the diet record. Spearman correlations were all statistically significant; they varied from 0.36 for energy to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess if a school based intervention was effective in reducing risk factors for obesity. DESIGN Group randomised controlled trial. SETTING 10 primary schools in Leeds. PARTICIPANTS 634 children aged 7-11 years. INTERVENTION Teacher training, modification of school meals, and the development of school action plans targeting the(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing interest in the use of information communication technologies to treat obesity. An intervention delivered by smartphone could be a convenient, potentially cost-effective, and wide-reaching weight management strategy. Although there have been studies of texting-based interventions and smartphone applications (apps) used as(More)
OBJECTIVES To implement a school based health promotion programme aimed at reducing risk factors for obesity and to evaluate the implementation process and its effect on the school. DESIGN Data from 10 schools participating in a group randomised controlled crossover trial were pooled and analysed. SETTING 10 primary schools in Leeds. PARTICIPANTS 634(More)
A review of the literature concerning the design, utilisation and validation of food-frequency questionnaires (FFQ) has been carried out using a semi-systematic approach to obtaining, reviewing and extracting data from articles. Databases were searched from 1980 to 1999. The present review identified 227 validation (from 1980 to September 1999) and 164(More)
BACKGROUND This paper describes the development of the UK Women's Cohort Study and presents cohort baseline characteristics. METHODS In total, 35,372 women, aged 35-69 years at recruitment, were selected to ensure a wide range of dietary intakes. Diet was assessed by a 217-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Detailed lifestyle information was(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this review is to provide guidance on the development, validation and use of food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) for different study designs. It does not include any recommendations about the most appropriate method for dietary assessment (e.g. food-frequency questionnaire versus weighed record). METHODS A comprehensive search of(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) requires no activation for toxicity, though susceptibility may reflect individual variations in detoxification. This study reports the measurement of un-metabolised urinary DON (free DON) and DOM-1 in samples previously analysed for the combined measure of free DON+DON-glucuronide (fD+DG), with a concentration >5 ng/ml, for 34 UK(More)
Dietary supplements use is increasing, despite the lack of evidence to suggest they are needed to meet dietary deficiency in the majority of people. Reasons for consuming dietary supplements are likely to be complex, combining social, psychological, knowledge and economic factors. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) is a widely used model of social(More)