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Here we describe an important involvement of Cdk5/p35 in regulating the gene expression of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular synapse. Cdk5 and p35 were prominently expressed in embryonic muscle, and concentrated at the neuromuscular junction in adulthood. Neuregulin increased the p35-associated Cdk5 kinase activity in the membrane fraction(More)
The participation of ephrins and Eph receptors in guiding motor axons during muscle innervation has been well documented, but little is known about their expression and functional significance in muscle at later developmental stages. Our present study investigates the expression and localization of Eph receptors and ephrins in skeletal muscle. Prominent(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)5 is a key regulator of neural development. We have previously demonstrated that Cdk5/p35 are localized to the postsynaptic muscle and are implicated in the regulation of neuregulin/ErbB signaling in myotube culture. To further elucidate whether Cdk5 activity contributes to neuromuscular junction (NMJ) development in vivo, the(More)
Neurotrophic factors are target-derived proteins that promote the survival and differentiation of the innervating neurons. Increasing evidence indicate the involvement of these factors and receptors during the formation and maturation of the neuromuscular junction. To gain further insight on the expression pattern of these factors and receptors in(More)
Muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) is part of the receptor complex that is involved in the agrin-induced formation of the neuromuscular junction. In the rodent, prominent mRNA expression of MuSK is restricted to skeletal muscle while the expression of agrin can also be detected in brain and certain nonneuronal tissues. The recent identification of Xenopus MuSK(More)
The factors responsible for ALS-parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS-PDC), the unique neurological disorder of Guam, remain unresolved, but identification of causal factors could lead to clues for related neurodegenerative disorders elsewhere. Earlier studies focused on the consumption and toxicity of the seed of Cycas circinalis, a traditional staple of the(More)
Polymorphisms at positions -491, -427 and -219 in the promoter region of the Apolipoprotein E APOE gene have been variously reported to confer an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) independent of the effect of epsilon 2, 3 or 4 alleles in exon 4. In order to assess APOE promoter polymorphisms as independent risk factors in AD we have(More)
This paper introduces <i>Jump</i>, a prototype computer vision-based system that transforms paper-based architectural documents into <i>tangible query interfaces.</i> Specifically, Jump allows a user to obtain additional information related to a given architectural document by <i>framing</i> a portion of the drawing with physical brackets. The framed area(More)
Muscle specific kinase (MuSK) mediates agrin-induced acetylcholine receptor (AChR) aggregation on muscle membrane at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). To examine whether MuSK enhances NMJ formation during embryonic development in vivo, the level of expression of MuSK was manipulated in Xenopus embryos and the functional consequence at the NMJ was assessed.(More)