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Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the U.S. and more developed countries, particularly so among adolescents. A substantial impact on public health could be achieved if other factors causing obesity besides the conventional ones of diet and physical activity could be identified and acted upon. The present study investigates whether there is a link(More)
BACKGROUND The association between physical activity (PA) and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) is documented in adults. This association and factors that may modify it, such as obesity, have not been reported in adolescents. The aims of this study were to determine the association of PA with ABP in 11- to 16-year-old adolescents, and to examine the modifying(More)
BACKGROUND The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), a self-report questionnaire, is designed to measure the experience and expression of anger. Reliability and validity of the STAXI have been well established among African and European Americans aged 13 years and older. However, little is known of the use of this instrument among adolescents(More)
The heritability of Type A behavior and other cardiovascular risk factors was investigated in twin school-age children. The purpose was to differentiate those risk factors that have the potential to respond to environmental and life-style changes. The sample consisted of 71 monozygotic and 34 same-sex, dizygotic twin pairs 6 to 11 years old residing in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine which symptoms are the most reported occur most frequently, have the greatest severity, and cause the most bother for patients on hemodialysis (HD), and to determine if the symptoms experienced differ between the first (HD1) and second (HD2) treatments of the week. An observational, comparative design was used to(More)
on behalf of the American Heart Association Prevention Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing. Interventions to promote physical activity and dietary lifestyle changes for cardiovascular risk factor reduction in adults: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.
The purpose of this systematic review of the literature was to determine the association of sepsis with mortality in the severely injured adult patient by means of a comparative analysis of sepsis in burn and trauma injury with other critically ill populations. The MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, and ProQuest databases were searched. The following(More)
Limited data on ethnic group differences among young adolescents exist regarding the prevalence of mental distress, social stress, and resources. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine ethnic differences among African American (AA), European American (EA), Hispanic American (HA), and Asian American adolescents in mental distress, social(More)
Nursing practice and research often require the use of one measurement method in place of another, creating the need to know how well one clinical measurement method approximates another. The usual statistical analyses for assessing agreement between measurement methods are the correlation coefficient and the paired t test. This article suggests that these(More)
OBJECTIVE To attempt to confirm a previous report of superior effectiveness of using two thyroid hormones rather than one hormone to treat hypothyroidism. METHODS This trial attempted to replicate prior findings, which suggested that substituting 12.5 microg of liothyronine (LT(3)) for 50 microg of levothyroxine (LT(4)) might improve mood, cognition, and(More)