Janet A. Fairley

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BACKGROUND During May and June 2003, an outbreak of febrile illness with vesiculopustular eruptions occurred among persons in the midwestern United States who had had contact with ill pet prairie dogs obtained through a common distributor. Zoonotic transmission of a bacterial or viral pathogen was suspected. METHODS We reviewed medical records, conducted(More)
Subepidermal blistering associated with the human skin diseases bullous pemphigoid and herpes gestationis has been thought to be an IgG autoantibody-mediated process; however, previous attempts to demonstrate the pathogenicity of patient autoantibodies have been unsuccessful. An immunodominant and potentially pathogenic epitope associated with these(More)
Calcium is vital to many biologic processes. In skin, it has a profound effect on keratinocyte proliferation, differentiation, and cell-cell adhesion. Serum calcium is tightly regulated by parathyroid hormone and 1,25(OH)2D3. Despite this careful regulation, calcification and ossification of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues may occur. Cutaneous(More)
The transcription factor TFIIB plays a central role in preinitiation complex assembly, providing a bridge between promoter-bound TFIID and RNA Polymerase II. TFIIB possesses sequence-specific DNA-binding ability and interacts with the TFIIB-recognition element (BRE), present in many promoters. Here we show that the BRE suppresses the basal level of(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune bullous disorder characterized by autoantibodies directed against desmoglein 3. A group of 19 pemphigus vulgaris sera were characterized by immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, immunoprecipitation, and the passive transfer mouse model. The aim of these studies was to determine the specificity of the autoantibody response(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a humoral autoimmune disease directed predominantly against the non-collagenous NC16A domain of the BP180 hemidesmosomal protein. Our laboratory has recently shown, using a mouse xenograft model, that passive transfer of IgE autoantibodies from BP sera induces a skin phenotype that recapitulates the early phases of the disease.(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a cutaneous autoimmune disease characterized by blister formation in the suprabasilar layers of skin and mucosae and anti-desmoglein-3 (Dsg3) autoantibodies bound to the surface of lesional keratinocytes and circulating in the serum of patients. This disease can be reproduced in neonatal mice by passive transfer of patients' IgG,(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune skin disease characterized by subepidermal blisters and autoantibodies against 2 hemidesmosome-associated proteins, BP180 and BP230. The immunopathologic features of BP can be reproduced in mice by passive transfer of anti-BP180 antibodies. Lesion formation in this animal model depends upon complement activation and(More)
Fogo Selvagem (FS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by subcorneal vesicles and antidesmoglein-1 autoantibodies. Previous epidemiologic data have linked the onset of FS to exposure to an environmental antigen(s). This investigation describes a unique human settlement with an extraordinarily high prevalence of FS. This community is made up of(More)
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by subepidermal blistering. Based on previous work, IgG autoantibodies directed against BP180 are thought to be the primary pathogenic agent in BP. In addition to these IgG autoantibodies, however, most BP patients produce IgE class autoantibodies that also react with BP180, and total IgE levels(More)