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Approximately 70 percent of the mutations in cystic fibrosis patients correspond to a specific deletion of three base pairs, which results in the loss of a phenylalanine residue at amino acid position 508 of the putative product of the cystic fibrosis gene. Extended haplotype data based on DNA markers closely linked to the putative disease gene locus(More)
Little is known about presynaptic assembly during central nervous system synaptogenesis. Here we used time-lapse fluorescence imaging, immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy to study hippocampal neuronal cultures transfected with a fusion construct of the presynaptic vesicle protein VAMP and green fluorescent protein. Our results suggest that major(More)
Exo-endocytotic turnover of synaptic vesicles (SVs) at synapses between hippocampal neurons in culture was examined by electron microscopy (EM). We carried out photoconversion (PC) of the fluorescent endocytotic marker FM 1-43 by using 3,3'-diaminobenzidine to convert the dye signal into an electron-dense product. Electron-dense products were located almost(More)
Spectrin is a major component of a membrane-associated cytoskeleton involved in the maintenance of membrane structural integrity and the generation of functionally distinct membrane protein domains. Here, we show that a homolog of erythrocyte beta-spectrin (beta I sigma*) co-localizes with markers of the Golgi complex in a variety of cell types, and that(More)
This report examines cAMP-induced regulation of directed organelle transport in bag cell neuron growth cones using video-enhanced differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy (Allen et al., 1981; Inoue, 1981) and digital image analysis techniques. Under control conditions, organelle transport is evident in the central cytoplasmic regions of bag cell(More)
Hippocampal slices from early postnatal rat were used to study mossy fiber (MF) growth and synaptogenesis. The ability of MFs to form new giant synapses within isolated tissue slices was established by a series of experiments involving synapsin I immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, and whole-cell recordings. When hippocampal slices from immature rats(More)
To extend our finding of a Golgi-localized form of the membrane skeleton protein spectrin, we have identified an isoform of ankyrin that associates at steady state with the Golgi complex. Immuno-light and -electron microscopy show that this ankyrin isoform localizes to the perinuclear cytoplasm on tubular vesicular structures that co-stain with Golgi marker(More)
We used time-lapse fluorescence microscopy to observe the growth of Mauthner cell axons and their postsynaptic targets, the primary motor neurons, in spinal cords of developing zebrafish embryos. Upon reaching successive motor neurons, the Mauthner growth cone paused briefly before continuing along its path. Varicosities formed at regular intervals and were(More)
Although ion channels have been detected in mitochondria, scientists have not been able to record ion transport in mitochondria of intact cells. A variation of the patch clamp technique was used to record ion channel activity from intracellular organelles in the presynaptic terminal of the squid. Electron microscopy indicated that mitochondria are numerous(More)
Forty-one participants representing diverse professional back-grounds attended a workshop on genetic predictive testing for familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) on January 23, 1993 at Surrey Place Centre in Toronto, Canada. Rapidly emerging molecular genetic findings in AD indicate that predictive testing is now technologically feasible for selected(More)