Learn More
The ligand-binding head region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A domain (betaA). Ligand binding activity is regulated through conformational changes in betaA, and ligand recognition also causes conformational changes that are transduced from this domain. The molecular basis of signal transduction to and from betaA is(More)
The structural basis of the interaction of integrin heterodimers with their physiological ligands is poorly understood. We have used solution x-ray scattering to visualize the head region of integrin alpha 5 beta 1 in an inactive (Ca2+-occupied) state, and in complex with a fragment of fibronectin containing the RGD and synergy recognition sequences. Shape(More)
The crystal structure of human fibronectin (FN) type III repeats 12-14 reveals the primary heparin-binding site, a clump of positively charged residues in FN13, and a putative minor site approximately 60 A away in FN14. The IDAPS motif implicated in integrin alpha4beta1 binding is at the FN13-14 junction, rendering the critical Asp184 inaccessible to(More)
Integrin receptor activation initiates the formation of integrin adhesion complexes (IACs) at the cell membrane that transduce adhesion-dependent signals to control a multitude of cellular functions. Proteomic analyses of isolated IACs have revealed an unanticipated molecular complexity; however, a global view of the consensus composition and dynamics of(More)
Integrin-ligand interactions are regulated in a complex manner by divalent cations, and multiple cation-binding sites are found in both alpha and beta integrin subunits. A key cation-binding site that lies in the beta subunit A-domain is known as the metal-ion dependent adhesion site (MIDAS). Recent x-ray crystal structures of integrin alpha V beta 3 have(More)
Integrins are the major family of receptors involved in the adhesive interactions of cells with extracellular matrix macromolecules. Although it is known that integrins can exist in active or inactive states, the molecular mechanisms by which integrin activity is modulated are poorly understood. A novel anti-integrin monoclonal antibody, 12G10, that(More)
Integrin adhesion receptors are structurally dynamic proteins that adopt a number of functionally relevant conformations. We have produced a conformation-dependent anti-alpha5 monoclonal antibody (SNAKA51) that converts alpha5beta1 integrin into a ligand-competent form and promotes fibronectin binding. In adherent fibroblasts, SNAKA51 preferentially bound(More)
The extracellular matrix molecule fibronectin (FN) is a glycoprotein whose major functional property is to support cell adhesion. FN contains at least two distinct cell-binding domains: the central cell-binding domain and the HepII/IIICS region. The HepII region comprises type III repeats 12-14 and contains proteoglycan-binding sites, while the(More)
Different beta(1) integrins bind Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides with differing specificities, suggesting a role for residues in the alpha subunit in determining ligand specificity. Integrin alpha(5)beta(1) has been shown to bind with high affinity to peptides containing an Arg-Gly-Asp-Gly-Trp (RGDGW) sequence but with relatively low affinity to other RGD(More)
The ligand-binding region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A-domain: an alpha/beta "Rossmann" fold containing a metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) on its top face. Although there is evidence to suggest that the betaA-domain undergoes changes in tertiary structure during receptor activation, the identity of the secondary(More)