Janet A Amico

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Infant cues, such as smiling or crying facial expressions, are powerful motivators of human maternal behavior, activating dopamine-associated brain reward circuits. Oxytocin, a neurohormone of attachment, promotes maternal care in animals, although its role in human maternal behavior is unclear. We examined 30 first-time new mothers to test whether(More)
PURPOSE To develop a clinical perspective on bilateral massive adrenal hemorrhage and an algorithm for its diagnosis and treatment. DATA IDENTIFICATION Case reports were identified through a computer search using MEDLIN (1976 to 1987), and from bibliographies in review articles (up to 1978). STUDY SELECTION Twelve reports published since 1978 were(More)
Age-associated alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning may make individuals more susceptible to HPA dysregulation in the context of mood and anxiety disorders. Little to no research has been done to examine HPA axis function in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), particularly in late-life GAD, the most prevalent anxiety disorder(More)
RIA for the measurement of oxytocin in human plasma is described. Extraction of oxytocin from larger peptides in plasma used acetone precipitation with a 75% +/- 2 SEM recovery of oxytocin. Nonspecific binding of the assay was less than 4%, and the minimum level of detection was 0.2 microunits/tube. No cross-reactivity was noted with neurophysins, arginine,(More)
Oxytocin is believed to attenuate the response of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to stress and to be anxiolytic. Stressors with a psychological component evoke both central and peripheral secretion of oxytocin in laboratory rodents. Oxytocin gene deletion mice provide a novel way to understand the role of oxytocin in stress and anxiety-related(More)
In animals, ventral stroking for >5 days increases oxytocin (OT) activity and decreases blood pressure (BP), but related human studies are few. Thus, relationships between self-reported frequency of partner hugs, plasma OT and BP levels were examined in 59 premenopausal women before and after warm contact with their husbands/partners ending with hugs.(More)
Oxytocin is a nonapeptide hormone that participates in the regulation of parturition and lactation. It has also been implicated in various behaviors, such as mating and maternal, and memory. To investigate whether or not oxytocin (OT) is essential for any of these functions, we eliminated, by homologous recombination, most of the first intron and the last(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxytocin is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that plays a key role in mammalian female reproductive function. Animal research indicates that central oxytocin facilitates adaptive social attachments and modulates stress and anxiety responses. Major depression is prevalent among postpubertal females, and is associated with perturbations in social(More)
Two populations of oxytocin-staining neurons have been identified in the paraventricular nucleus: magnocellular neurons that terminate in the posterior pituitary and parvocellular neurons that terminate elsewhere in the central nervous system. Whether these oxytocin neurons are functionally separate was tested by measuring oxytocin concentrations in samples(More)
BACKGROUND Some experts maintain that (1) > 90% of patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) are first seen with hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) so that routine screening for other features is unnecessary and (2) MEN1 has > or = 94% penetrance by age 50 years. METHODS We constructed a regional registry of patients with or at risk for MEN1 and(More)