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This study was performed to compare the vigor and phenotype of virus-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses in patients with different virologic and clinical outcomes after hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The results show that a vigorous and multispecific CD4(+) proliferative T-cell response is maintained indefinitely after recovery from HCV(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the death of dopaminergic neurons in sporadic forms of Parkinson's disease. Because oxidative stress can be modulated endogenously by uncoupling proteins (UCPs), we hypothesized that specific neuronal expression of UCP2, one member of the UCP family that is rapidly induced in the CNS following insults, could confer(More)
To define the early events that determine the outcome of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, we compared the course of viremia with the peripheral and intrahepatic T cell response and intrahepatic cytokine profile in six acutely infected chimpanzees. Three different outcomes were observed after peak viral titers were reached: sustained viral clearance,(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the type I IL-1 receptor (IL-1RI) are key components of the innate immune system activated by microbial infections and inflammation. The signaling cascade from agonist-occupied TLRs and IL-1Rs involves recruitment of the small cytosolic adapter protein MyD88 that binds to IL-1RI via homotypic interactions mediated by(More)
We explored a 13-year genetic survey of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and neutral loci of the Soay sheep population of St Kilda to test the existence and causes of balancing selection at the MHC. The sheep population experiences demographic fluctuations, partly driven by the nematode Teladorsagia circumcincta. The spatial differentiation(More)
All the deaths attributed to coronary artery disease and occurring in Belfast during one year were studied.The frequency distributions of the cases by interval of time between onset of the last attack and death are given for those not admitted to hospital, for those admitted to hospital, and for those already in hospital for some other cause of(More)
The recent identification of hepatitis B virus (HBV) epitopes restricted by multiple HLA alleles has greatly expanded the epitope repertoire available for T-cell-mediated therapeutic vaccine development. The HLA-B51-restricted peptide HBc19-27 is particularly interesting because it is located entirely within the HLA-A2-restricted HBc18-27 epitope. Here we(More)