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A model is proposed for the temporal characteristics of X- and Y-type responses of ganglion cells in the primate retina. The main suggestions of the model are: (I) The X-type temporal response is determined primarily by the delay between center and surround contributions. (II) The Y-type response is generated in the inner plexiform layer by a(More)
Astroglia is well-known to be integrated in the complex regulation of neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. Astrocytes become activated and synthesize cytokines, chemokines, and prostanoids during degenerative and vulnerable processes and interact with other immune-competent cells. Degenerative disorders often occur in a brain-region-specific(More)
A theory of early visual information processing proposed by Marr and co-workers suggests that simple cortical cells may be involved in the detection of zero crossing in the retinal output. We have tested this theory by using pairs of adjacent edges (staircases stimuli) and recording from edge-specific simple cells in cat striate cortex. The zero crossing(More)
– We report on susceptibility, magnetization, 23 Na NMR, and specific heat data of the spin-chain material NaCu2O2 in the paramagnetic and ordered phases. Below 13 K, where a sharp field-dependent specific heat peak appears, the NMR lineshape points to an incommensurate static modulation of the local magnetic field consistent with a spiral state of the Cu(More)
We present a four point bending setup suitable for high precision characterization of piezoresistance in semiconductors. The compact setup has a total size of 635 cm(3). Thermal stability is ensured by an aluminum housing wherein the actual four point bending fixture is located. The four point bending fixture is manufactured in polyetheretherketon and a(More)
Companies increasingly face turbulent and dynamic environments characterized by mostly unforeseeable changes. A viable strategy to survive in such environments is to strengthen organizational agility, which denotes the ability to quickly cope with continuous unanticipated change and to take advantage of opportunities in the environment. Service-oriented(More)