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We developed a biochemical kinetics approach to describe the repair of double-strand breaks (DSBs) produced by low-LET radiation by modeling molecular events associated with non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). A system of coupled nonlinear ordinary differential equations describes the induction of DSBs and activation pathways for major NHEJ components(More)
PURPOSE To investigate quantitatively the induction and rejoining of DNA double strand breaks (DSB) in V79-4 and xrs-5 Chinese hamster cells and HF19 human fibroblast cells, using the phosphorylation of the histone protein H2AX (gamma-H2AX) as an indicator of DSB, exposed to low doses of either low linear energy transfer (LET) (60)Co gamma-rays or high LET(More)
Cellular lesions (e.g. DSBs) are induced into DNA upon exposure to radiation, with DSB complexity increasing with radiation ionization density. Using M059K and M059J human glioblastoma cells (proficient and deficient in DNA-PKcs activity, respectively), we investigated the repair of DNA damage, including DSBs, induced by high- and low-LET radiation [gamma(More)
Cell signaling initiated at the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), RAS oncoproteins, or PI3K contributes to a common pathway that promotes tumor survival after radiation-induced DNA damage. Inhibition of signaling at the level of EGFR, RAS, and PI3K has been tested, but clinical applicability has been shown only at the level of the EGFR or by(More)
DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) are amongst the most deleterious lesions induced within the cell following exposure to ionizing radiation. Mammalian cells repair these breaks predominantly via the nonhomologous end joining pathway which is active throughout the cell cycle and is error prone. The alternative pathway for repair of DSBs is homologous(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are biologically one of the most important cellular lesions and possess varying degrees of chemical complexity. The notion that the repairability of more chemically complex DSBs is inefficient led to the concept that the extent of DSB complexity underlies the severity of the biological consequences. The repair of DSBs by(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize and enumerate central venous catheter (CVC)-related complications among children with chronic illnesses, and to reduce the complication rate through changes in CVC management and education. DESIGN A prospective observational study followed by an educational program and a nonrandomized interventional trial. SETTING The(More)
When cells are exposed to radiation serious lesions are introduced into the DNA including double strand breaks (DSBs), single strand breaks (SSBs), base modifications and clustered damage sites (a specific feature of ionizing radiation induced DNA damage). Radiation induced DNA damage has the potential to initiate events that can lead ultimately to(More)
Postoperative nausea and vomiting have been reported to be associated with the use of nitrous oxide. To further investigate this possibility, 780 patients undergoing anesthesia and surgery were randomly divided into four groups: group I: enflurane/nitrous oxide/oxygen; group II: enflurane/air/oxygen; group III: isoflurane/nitrous oxide/oxygen; and group IV:(More)