Jane Topolovec-Vranic

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PURPOSE Pain behaviors such as grimacing and muscle rigidity are recommended for pain assessment in nonverbal populations. However, these behaviors may not be appropriate for critically ill patients(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate assessment and management of pain in critically ill patients who are nonverbal or cognitively impaired is challenging. No widely accepted assessment tool is currently in place for(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study is to identify factors contributing to underreporting of concussion in adolescent athletes. DESIGN Qualitative interviews. SETTING Participants were interviewed in an(More)