Jane T C Seto

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A common nonsense polymorphism (R577X) in the ACTN3 gene results in complete deficiency of the fast skeletal muscle fiber protein alpha-actinin-3 in an estimated one billion humans worldwide. The XX null genotype is under-represented in elite sprint athletes, associated with reduced muscle strength and sprint performance in non-athletes, and is(More)
More than a billion humans worldwide are predicted to be completely deficient in the fast skeletal muscle fiber protein alpha-actinin-3 owing to homozygosity for a premature stop codon polymorphism, R577X, in the ACTN3 gene. The R577X polymorphism is associated with elite athlete status and human muscle performance, suggesting that alpha-actinin-3(More)
α-Actinin-3 deficiency occurs in approximately 16% of the global population due to homozygosity for a common nonsense polymorphism in the ACTN3 gene. Loss of α-actinin-3 is associated with reduced power and enhanced endurance capacity in elite athletes and nonathletes due to "slowing" of the metabolic and physiological properties of fast fibers. Here, we(More)
Sarcomeric α-actinins (α-actinin-2 and -3) are a major component of the Z-disk in skeletal muscle, where they crosslink actin and other structural proteins to maintain an ordered myofibrillar array. Homozygosity for the common null polymorphism (R577X) in ACTN3 results in the absence of fast fiber-specific α-actinin-3 in ∼20% of the general population.(More)
Approximately one billion people worldwide are homozygous for a stop codon polymorphism in the ACTN3 gene (R577X) which results in complete deficiency of the fast fibre muscle protein alpha-actinin-3. ACTN3 genotype is associated with human athletic performance and alpha-actinin-3 deficient mice [Actn3 knockout (KO) mice] have a shift in the properties of(More)
Muscular dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of genetic disorders characterized by muscle weakness and wasting. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and severe form of muscular dystrophy, and although the molecular mechanisms of the disease have been extensively investigated since the discovery of the gene in 1986, there is currently no(More)
The actin-binding protein alpha-actinin-3 is one of the two isoforms of alpha-actinin that are found in the Z-discs of skeletal muscle. alpha-Actinin-3 is exclusively expressed in fast glycolytic muscle fibers. Homozygosity for a common polymorphism in the ACTN3 gene results in complete deficiency of alpha-actinin-3 in about 1 billion individuals worldwide.(More)
Accurate and fast measurement of muscle fibre size and evaluation of fibre type proportions in large cross-sectional areas remains challenging as existing methods require extensive manual measurements. In this study, we assessed the fibre morphometry of approximately 1000 fibres in mouse and human control and diseased muscle cross-sections. We compared(More)
We characterized the frequency of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) subtypes in a cohort of 76 Australian muscular dystrophy patients using protein and DNA sequence analysis. Calpainopathies (8%) and dysferlinopathies (5%) are the most common causes of LGMD in Australia. In contrast to European populations, cases of LGMD2I (due to mutations in FKRP) are(More)
We have previously reported a group of patients with congenital onset weakness associated with a deficiency of members of the syntrophin-alpha-dystrobrevin subcomplex and have demonstrated that loss of syntrophin and dystrobrevin from the sarcolemma of skeletal muscle can also be associated with denervation. Here, we have further studied four individuals(More)