Jane S. Milliken

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The human progesterone receptor (PR) is a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor that mediates progesterone action in target tissues. Two PR proteins, PR-A (M(r) 81,000-83,000) and PR-B (M(r) 116,000-120,000), have been described and different physiological activities ascribed to each on the basis of in vitro studies, suggesting that their ratio of(More)
The human progesterone receptor (PR) is a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor which mediates progesterone action in target tissues. Two PR proteins, PR A (81-83 kDa) and PR B (116-120 kDa), have been described and different physiological activities ascribed to each on the basis of in vitro studies, suggesting that their ratio of expression may(More)
Methods of assessing tumor proliferation rates include mitosis counting, flow cytometry and thymidine labelling. While the former is inaccurate and poorly reproducible, the latter methods are time consuming and expensive to perform. Ki-67 is a monoclonal mouse antibody which has been shown to react with a nuclear antigen in proliferating cells. Frozen(More)
Osteonectin is a secreted glycoprotein which is detected in a number of normal and neoplastic human tissues in vivo. It is an extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated protein which is postulated to regulate cell migration, adhesion, proliferation and matrix mineralisation and previous reports suggest that it may be modulated by steroid hormones in target(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of hepatic CB(1) receptors (CB(1)) is associated with steatosis and fibrosis in experimental forms of liver disease. However, CB(1) expression has not been assessed in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), a disease associated with insulin resistance, steatosis and metabolic disturbance. We aimed to determine the importance and(More)
The determination of estrogen receptor (ER) status in primary and metastatic breast tumours has been facilitated by the recent advent of monoclonal antibodies to ER. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of estrogen receptor immunocytochemical assay (ER-ICA) applied to cytologic specimens from primary and metastatic breast tumours. One(More)
The management of asymptomatic intraductal papillary lesions of the breast diagnosed on core biopsy poses a challenge for patients and clinicians, as the distinction between common benign lesions and atypical or malignant varieties may be difficult without formal excision. The aim of this study was to determine whether a combination of histopathologic and(More)
The responsibility of educating increasing numbers of students presents major challenges for nursing education. The Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing (CASN) established a task force to examine the issues and barriers associated with provision of clinical/practice education for nursing students and to assist in the development of national guidelines(More)
AIMS Columnar cell lesions (CCLs) of the breast have been increasingly recognised in biopsies taken to investigate mammographic screen detected microcalcification. The aim of this study was to identify distinct CCL subtypes by systematic analysis of histopathology. METHODS Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed based on the profile of(More)