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Too little is known about suicidal thoughts and behaviors at a population level to recommend appropriate preventive strategies. Using data from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB), this study examined rates of, and risk factors for, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. For 10,641 respondents, the 12-month and lifetime(More)
BACKGROUND Many countries have set targets for suicide reduction, and suggested that mental health care providers and general practitioners have a key role to play. METHOD A systematic review of the literature. RESULTS Among those in the general population who commit suicide, up to 41% may have contact with psychiatric inpatient care in the year prior(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide an overview of 12 month rates of service use for mental health problems and mental disorders by the general Australian adult population. METHOD Data came from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (2007 NSMHWB), a nationally representative household survey of 8841 individuals aged between 16 and 85 years. RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 (GBD 2010) identified mental and substance use disorders as the 5th leading contributor of burden in 2010, measured by disability adjusted life years (DALYs). This estimate was incomplete as it excluded burden resulting from the increased risk of suicide captured elsewhere in GBD 2010's mutually exclusive(More)
BACKGROUND The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales was developed to routinely measure outcomes for adults with mental illness. Comparable instruments were also developed for children and adolescents (the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents) and older people (the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales 65+). All three are being(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data. DESIGN An international expert panel employed a consensus development process to select important, sound, and feasible measures(More)
Although suicide in Asia is widely recognized as a compelling problem, obtaining accurate data about suicide in Asia has proved difficult. Some countries make no effort to collect data on the causes of death. In many Asian countries deaths occur without medical certification of the cause and may be reported by family members or other lay people who do not(More)
This paper describes the outcomes of episodes of care for adults in public sector mental health services across Australia, with a view to informing the debate on service quality. Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) change scores and effect sizes were calculated for 14,659 acute inpatient episodes and 23,692 community episodes. The results showed(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined utilization of psychological or emotional counseling by suicidal adolescents to answer questions about the extent to which health services can contribute to the prevention of adolescent suicide. METHOD The study used data from Wave 1 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, which involved a household-based(More)
The majority of studies on risk factors for suicide have been conducted in developed countries, and less work has been done to systematically profile risk factors in developing countries. The current paper presents a selective review of sociodemographic, clinical, and environmental/situational risk factors in developing countries. Taken together, the(More)