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OBJECTIVES To provide an overview of 12 month rates of service use for mental health problems and mental disorders by the general Australian adult population. METHOD Data came from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (2007 NSMHWB), a nationally representative household survey of 8841 individuals aged between 16 and 85 years. RESULTS(More)
Too little is known about suicidal thoughts and behaviors at a population level to recommend appropriate preventive strategies. Using data from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB), this study examined rates of, and risk factors for, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. For 10,641 respondents, the 12-month and lifetime(More)
BACKGROUND The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales was developed to routinely measure outcomes for adults with mental illness. Comparable instruments were also developed for children and adolescents (the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents) and older people (the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales 65+). All three are being(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify quality measures for international benchmarking of mental health care that assess important processes and outcomes of care, are scientifically sound, and are feasible to construct from preexisting data. DESIGN An international expert panel employed a consensus development process to select important, sound, and feasible measures(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide an overview of the lifetime and 12 month prevalence of suicidal ideation, suicide plans and suicide attempts for Australian adults as a whole and for particular sociodemographic and clinical population subgroups, and to explore the health service use of people with suicidality. METHOD Data came from the 2007 National Survey of Mental(More)
The majority of studies on risk factors for suicide have been conducted in developed countries, and less work has been done to systematically profile risk factors in developing countries. The current paper presents a selective review of sociodemographic, clinical, and environmental/situational risk factors in developing countries. Taken together, the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether childhood physical and sexual abuse are associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes in older age. DESIGN Cross-sectional, postal questionnaire survey. SETTING Medical clinics of 383 general practitioners (GPs) in Australia. PARTICIPANTS More than 21,000 older adults (aged > or = 60) currently under the care(More)
This paper describes the outcomes of episodes of care for adults in public sector mental health services across Australia, with a view to informing the debate on service quality. Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) change scores and effect sizes were calculated for 14,659 acute inpatient episodes and 23,692 community episodes. The results showed(More)
BACKGROUND 'Suicide hotspots' include tall structures (for example, bridges and cliffs), railway tracks, and isolated locations (for example, rural car parks) which offer direct means for suicide or seclusion that prevents intervention. METHODS We searched Medline for studies that could inform the following question: 'What interventions are available to(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of depression among older adults in Australia. METHOD All general practitioners in Australia's five most populous states who satisfied certain eligibility criteria (e.g., sufficient weekly working hours, sufficient numbers of elderly patients) were invited to participate. Those who consented were asked to identify all(More)