Jane Marian Anderson

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The pathological correlate of clinical disability and progression in multiple sclerosis is neuronal and axonal loss; however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Abnormal phosphorylation of tau is a common feature of some neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. We investigated the presence of tau hyperphosphorylation and its(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate life expectancy for people with HIV undergoing treatment compared with life expectancy in the general population and to assess the impact on life expectancy of late treatment, defined as CD4 count <200 cells/mm(3) at start of antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN Cohort study. SETTING Outpatient HIV clinics throughout the United Kingdom.(More)
Although neurodegeneration is the pathological substrate of progression in multiple sclerosis (MS), the underlying mechanisms remain unresolved. Abnormal phosphorylation of tau, implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of a number of classic neurodegenerative disorders, has also recently been described in secondary progressive MS (SPMS). In contrast to SPMS,(More)
Cerebral atrophy was measured by comparing brain volume and cranial capacity at necropsy on 20 severely demented patients aged 64--92 years and 18 non-demented controls of similar age. The volumes of cerebral cortex and white matter and of the lobes of the cerebral hemispheres were found by point-counting morphometry. Patients with Alzheimer type dementia(More)
The oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) has until recently been regarded as a lineage-restricted precursor cell. Considerable interest has been generated by reports suggesting that OPCs may possess a wider differentiation potential than previously assumed and thus be considered a multipotential stem cell. This study examined the neuronal differentiation(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) represents a considerable challenge to experimentally model due to its twin pathologies of inflammatory demyelination and neurodegeneration along with its multifocal and multiphasic nature. Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Biozzi ABH mice has previously been shown to reproduce many clinical features also found in(More)
Although progression in multiple sclerosis is pathologically dominated by neurodegeneration, the underlying mechanism is unknown. Abnormal hyperphosphorylation of tau is implicated in the aetiopathogenesis of some common neurodegenerative disorders. We recently demonstrated the association of insoluble tau with established secondary progressive MS, raising(More)
BACKGROUND Successful antiretroviral treatment is dependent on sustaining high rates of adherence. In the southern African context, only a handful of studies (both quantitative and qualitative) have looked at the determinants including a health behaviour theory of adherence to antiretroviral therapy. The aim of this study is to assess factors including the(More)
Neuronal differentiation from expanded human ventral mesencephalic neural precursor cells (NPCs) is very limited. Astrocytes are known to secrete neurotrophic factors, and so in order to enhance neuronal survival from NPCs, we tested the effect of regional astrocyte-conditioned medium (ACM) from the rat cortex, hippocampus and midbrain on this process.(More)