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This work presents a framework for non-rigid registration which extends and generalizes a previously developed technique by Rueckert et al. [1]. We combine multi-resolution optimization with free-form deformations (FFDs) based on multi-level B-splines to simulate a non-uniform control point distribution. We have applied this to a number of different medical(More)
We present a method to register a preoperative MR volume to a sparse set of intraoperative ultrasound slices. Our aim is to allow the transfer of information from preoperative modalities to intraoperative ultrasound images to aid needle placement during thermal ablation of liver metastases. The spatial relationship between ultrasound slices is obtained by(More)
We present a method for alignment of an interventional plan to optically tracked two-dimensional intraoperative ultrasound (US) images of the liver. Our clinical motivation is to enable the accurate transfer of information from three-dimensional preoperative imaging modalities [magnetic resonance (MR) or computed tomography (CT)] to intraoperative US to aid(More)
We present a technique for registering information from preoperative CT or MR images to physical space using intraoperatively acquired 3-D ultrasound data and a surface-based statistical shape model. The model is subject-specific and captures the statistical modes of variation of the liver surface through the breathing cycle. The registration uses a(More)
This paper describes a quantitative assessment of respiratory motion of the heart and the construction of a model of respiratory motion. Three-dimensional magnetic resonance scans were acquired on eight normal volunteers and ten patients. The volunteers were imaged at multiple positions in the breathing cycle between full exhalation and full inhalation(More)
Respiratory motion causes errors when planning and delivering radiotherapy treatment to lung cancer patients. To reduce these errors, methods of acquiring and using four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) datasets have been developed. We have developed a novel method of constructing computational motion models from 4DCT. The motion models attempt to(More)
Respiratory organ motion has a significant impact on the planning and delivery of radiotherapy (RT) treatment for lung cancer. Currently widespread techniques, such as 4D-computed tomography (4DCT), cannot be used to measure variability of this motion from one cycle to the next. In this paper, we describe the use of fast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
This paper describes the application of Bayesian theory to the problem of compensating for soft tissue deformation to improve the accuracy of image-guided surgery. A triangular surface mesh segmented from a pre-operative image is used as the input to the algorithm, and intra-operatively acquired ultrasound data compounded into a 3-D volume is used to guide(More)